Hiroaki Kazui

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Surrogate markers for the Alzheimer disease (AD)-associated 42-amino acid form of amyloid-beta (Abeta42) have been sought because they may aid in the diagnosis of AD and for clarification of disease pathogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) contains three APLP1-derived Abeta-like peptides (APL1beta) that are generated by beta-(More)
We scanned throughout chromosome 21 to assess genetic associations with late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD) using 374 Japanese patients and 375 population-based controls, because trisomy 21 is known to be associated with early deposition of beta-amyloid (Abeta) in the brain. Among 417 markers spanning 33 Mb, 22 markers showed associations with either the(More)
BACKGROUND In dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), vision-related cognitive and behavioral symptoms are common, and involvement of the occipital visual cortices has been demonstrated in functional neuroimaging studies. OBJECTIVES To delineate visuoperceptual disturbance in patients with DLB in comparison with that in patients with Alzheimer disease and to(More)
Personality is considered to be an important aspect of schizophrenia, primarily because it may influence patients' symptoms and social functioning. Specific personality traits are related to schizophrenia. The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) measures four traits of temperament - novelty seeking (NS), harm avoidance (HA), reward dependence (RD) and(More)
With the rapid aging of Japanese society, medical care of the elderly has become an important social issue. Among various disorders manifesting dementia, gait disturbance, and urinary incontinence in the elderly population, normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), especially of idiopathic type (iNPH), is becoming noteworthy. The Guidelines for management of(More)
Among the various disorders manifesting dementia, gait disturbance, and urinary incontinence in the elderly population, idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is becoming of great importance. After the publication of the first edition of the Guidelines for Management of Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus in 2004 (the English version was(More)
BACKGROUND Although the APOE epsilon 4 allele increases the risk of developing AD, the effects of the epsilon 4 allele on brain atrophy in clinical AD patients are controversial. OBJECTIVE To investigate a possible relationship between the genetic variants of APOE and brain atrophy in patients with AD. METHODS Using MRI-based volumetry techniques, the(More)
BACKGROUND Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is emerging as a common cause of degenerative dementia. Some preliminary evidence exists that the pattern of cognitive impairment in DLB is different from that in Alzheimer disease (AD). OBJECTIVE To delineate features of cognitive impairment of DLB on standardized neuropsychological tests. METHODS We performed(More)
In this study we used magnetoencephalography during a modified version of the Sternberg's memory recognition task performed by patients with early Alzheimer's disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and by age-matched healthy controls to identify differences in induced oscillatory responses. For analyses, we focused on the retention period of the(More)