Hiroaki Kawata

Learn More
En-bloc resection is desirable for accurate histopathological assessment of tissue specimens obtained using endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). A new EMR method using sodium hyaluronate and a small-caliber-tip transparent hood has been developed. This is a peeling-off method using a needle-knife for mucosal and submucosal incisions. Long-lasting submucosal(More)
In order to determine whether matching/mismatching for microsatellite polymorphism provides useful information on acute graft-vs-host disease (GVHD), survival, and leukemia relapse in hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation, we genotyped for polymorphisms at 13 microsatellite loci within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) of 100 unrelated HSC(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelium-derived nitric oxide (EDNO) plays an important role in the regulation of angiogenesis, whereas hypercholesterolemia (HC) impairs EDNO release. We examined the hypothesis that HC may inhibit ischemia-induced angiogenesis by inhibition of EDNO in a rat model of unilateral hindlimb ischemia and that oral L-arginine supplementation, a(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the extent of inflammation and atrophy in the stomach of Helicobacter pylori-positive and -negative patients with chronic gastritis. METHODS Endoscopy with biopsies from the lesser curvatures of the antrum, angulus, middle body, and the greater curvature of the middle body of the stomach was performed in 59 patients with(More)
The HLA-DO molecule, a heterodimer consisting of two novel members of the class II gene family, DOA and DOB, has recently been suggested to function as an important modulator in the HLA class II restricted antigen presentation pathway by interaction with the HLA-DM molecule. In this study, we have analyzed genetic polymorphism and allelic variation of the(More)
cDNA clones corresponding to the HKE4 and HKE6 genes at the centromeric end of the HLA region on human chromosome 6p21.3 were isolated and characterized. The predicted amino acid sequences of HKE4 and HKE6 exhibited 81.5 and 85.6% identity to the mouse homologues, Ke4 and Ke6, respectively. HKE4 may encode a membrane protein with histidine-rich charge(More)
MICA or PERB11.1 is a polymorphic major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-related gene located 46 kb centromeric of the HLA-B gene in the HLA class I region. It is expressed mainly in gut epithelial cells, keratinocytes, endothelial cells, fibroblasts and monocytes, and is upregulated by heat stress. MICA has been found to interact with gamma delta T(More)
C57BL/6 human interleukin-6 (IL-6) transgenic mice develop mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis with massive IgG1 plasmacytosis and die of renal failure in early life. To test whether the IL-6 overexpression could cause development of mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis without plasmacytosis or promote proliferation of immature B cells that(More)
Human chromosomes 1q21-q25, 6p21.3-22.2, 9q33-q34, and 19p13.1-p13.4 carry clusters of paralogous loci, to date best defined by the flagship 6p MHC region. They have presumably been created by two rounds of large-scale genomic duplications around the time of vertebrate emergence. Phylogenetically, the 1q21-25 region seems most closely related to the 6p21.3(More)
The extreme polymorphism in different loci of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) system has been used as an invaluable tool for anthropological studies. Determination of HLA allele and haplotype frequencies in different ethnic groups is useful for population genetic analyses and the study of genetic relationships among them. In the present study, molecular(More)