Hiroaki Kabashima

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Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) were detected in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) by an immunochemical method. However, we could not detect IL-4 in GCF from severe inflammation sites. In addition, we sought to detect which cells had produced cytokines in moderately inflamed gingival tissues by means of(More)
BACKGROUND Substance P (SP), a potent proinflammatory peptide present in sensory neurons, is believed to be a major mediator of neurogenic inflammation. The aim of this study was to examine the localization and involvement of SP, mast cells and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-positive cells in human periapical granulomas. METHODS Sections from(More)
The presence of species-specific and species-non-specific (common) epitopes has been demonstrated on type II collagen (CII) using monoclonal antibodies. In this study, we investigated the role of antibody response to some species-specific and common epitopes in mice immunized with human CII for the induction of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Antibody(More)
Chemokines are said to be small peptides that are chemoattractants for leukocyte subpopulations within local inflammation sites. Gingival inflammation is characterized by infiltration of inflammatory mononuclear cells. The point of this study was to examine the presence or absence of chemokine-positive cells and chemokine receptor-positive cells by means of(More)
The infiltration of leukocytes into inflammation sites such as observed in human periapical granulomas is considered to be mediated by chemotactic factors. In this study, we examined the presence of chemokine- and chemokine receptor-positive cells in samples obtained from human subjects by means of immunohistochemical methods. Macrophage chemotactic(More)
Bacteroides forsythus is one of the important periodontopathic bacteria, and this microorganism is known to have an S-layer outside the outer membrane. The S-layer-like antigens were recently isolated from B. forsythus, and they were found to be 270- and 230-kDa proteins in the envelope fraction. In this study, these proteins were confirmed to be specific(More)
To study mediators associated with the progression of disease and the process of bone regeneration in human apical periodontitis, we examined samples of periapical granulation tissues and regeneration tissues obtained from five patients by use of immunohistochemical methods. Periapical granulation tissues were found to contain a large number of CD4-positive(More)
To study the process of bone regeneration we examined three samples of periapical regenerative tissue obtained from two patients under a guided tissue regeneration treatment in endodontic surgery by the immunohistochemical and enzyme histochemical methods. The regenerative tissue consisted of a large number of fibroblast-like cells and a small number of(More)
Periapical granulomas contain a large number of T lymphocytes and monocytes/macrophages and a small number of B lymphocytes and polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Sections from eight periapical granulomas were stained by a variety of immunohistochemical methods. The vascular endothelial cells stained positively for intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and vascular(More)
In an attempt to understand further the balance between the types of helper T (Th) cells in human apical periodontitis, we examined the difference in the expression of the chemokine receptor and cytokine in samples obtained from human subjects by means of immunohistochemical methods. Chemokine receptor CXCR3-positive cells and IFN-gamma-producing cells were(More)