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Persistent organochlorines in air, river water and sediment samples were analysed from eastern and southern Asia (India, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia) and Oceania (Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands) to elucidate their geographical distribution in tropical environment. The concentrations of organochlorines in these abiotic samples collected from(More)
The Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare Research Committee on Aberrant Portal Blood Flow carried out an epidemiological survey and clinical study on Budd-Chiari syndrome in 1990. In the primary survey for determining the prevalence of the disease, a questionnaire was sent to all major hospitals throughout Japan and 160 cases seen in 1989 were compiled.(More)
Components of the Japanese diet, which might contribute to the relatively low breast cancer incidence rates in Japan, have not been clarified in detail. Since soybean products are widely consumed in Japan, a case-control study taking account of the menopausal status was conducted using data from the hospital-based epidemiologic research program at Aichi(More)
At present, only one mutation of KCNQ3, a KCNQ potassium channel gene, has been identified as a cause of benign familial neonatal convulsions type 2 (BFNC2). We found a T to C substitution (c.925T-C) on one allele of affected individuals in a Japanese family with BFNC but not on 200 alleles from healthy subjects. c.925T-->C replaced Trp309, a conserved(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the mutation responsible for autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (ADNFLE) in a nonwhite family. BACKGROUND ADNFLE is newly recognized as an entity of idiopathic partial epilepsy. Recently, two different mutations of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha4 subunit (CHRNA4) gene were identified in a white(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily members elicit signals through stimulation of serine/threonine kinase receptors. Recent studies of this signaling pathway have identified two types of novel mediating molecules, the Smads and TGF-beta activated kinase 1 (TAK1). Smads were shown to mimic the effects of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP),(More)
Forms of human cytochrome P450 (P450 or CYP), such as CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, and CYP3A4, were expressed or co-expressed together with human NADPH-P450 reductase in Escherichia coli. When P450 was expressed alone in E. coli, the expression level of holo-P450 ranged from 310 to 1620 nmol/L of culture. The expression(More)
To identify the amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) 1-42-degrading enzyme whose activity is inhibited by thiorphan and phosphoramidon in vivo, we searched for neprilysin (NEP) homologues and cloned neprilysin-like peptidase (NEPLP) alpha, NEPLP beta, and NEPLP gamma cDNAs. We expressed NEP, phosphate-regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidases on the X(More)
We investigated the temporal and spatial expression patterns of the GDNF gene after subjecting rats to an acute contusion injury of the spinal cord using the weight drop technique. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) revealed that GDNF transcription in the spinal cord began to increase within 30 min after injury and peaked within 3 h.(More)