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Fermi systems in the cross-over regime between weakly coupled Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) and strongly coupled Bose-Einstein-condensate (BEC) limits are among the most fascinating objects to study the behavior of an assembly of strongly interacting particles. The physics of this cross-over has been of considerable interest both in the fields of(More)
A heavy-fermion superconductor UPt_{3} is a unique spin-triplet superconductor with multiple superconducting phases. Here, we provide the first report on a first-principles analysis of the microscopic superconducting gap structure. We find that the promising gap structure is an unprecedented E_{2u} state, which is completely different from the previous(More)
Many phylogeographic studies of various tree species have been conducted to elucidate the locations of refugia and the colonization patterns during the Pleistocene. However, only a few large-scale phylogeographic studies have been conducted on herbaceous plants, especially scarce on herbs that are adapted to disturbance. Artemisia indica is a fast-growing(More)
The effects of five rice herbicides bensulfuron methyl, mefenacet, quinoclamine, simetryn, and thiobencarb on the growth of two threatened aquatic ferns Azolla japonica and Salvinia natans were tested using 12-day exposure experiments at 0.1-100 nM which are expected to be present in drainages and rivers in Japan. As a reference species, Lenma minor was(More)
The intermediate disturbance hypothesis predicts unimodal relationships between species diversity and disturbance frequency/intensity. To test this hypothesis, species diversity in herbaceous plant communities along a human trampling gradient was investigated by conducting a 4-year experiment in an old-field. In general, species richness (S), the(More)