Hiroaki Iijima

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Extensive SAR studies on the unselective BRS3 agonist, [H-D-Phe6,beta-Ala11,Phe13,Nle14]-bombesin-(6-14)-nonapeptide amide, have highlighted structural features important for BRS3 activity and have provided guidance as to the design of selective agonists. A radically modified heptapeptide agonist, maintaining only the Trp-Ala moiety of the parent(More)
Sibutramine sensitivity assay in genetically obese (bombesin BB3 receptor (BRS-3)-deficient mice, KK-Ay mice, db/db mice and Zucker obese rat) and wild-type animals was examined. The sensitivity of Sibutramine (10 mg/kg, p.o.) in BRS-3-deficient mice was retained as well as normal animals; however, it was decreased in KK-Ay, db/db mice and Zucker obese rat.(More)
To explore the possible role of eosinophils in NO-mediated tissue injury, we studied a murine model of allergic asthma. Male A/J mice were sensitized and challenged intranasally with ovalbumin (OVA). Following challenge, the number of eosinophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) increased from 0.4% of total cells at baseline (0.02 x 10(4) cells/ml) to(More)
The eosinophilic inflammatory response in asthma is associated with protein nitration, detected as immunostaining for 3-nitrotyrosine (3NT). As the presence of 3NT is strongly correlated with upregulation of the inducible form of nitric oxide synthase (NOS II), it has been hypothesized that 3NT formation results from the action of peroxynitrite (ONOO-), a(More)
We investigated the tissue distribution of teneligliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitor, in rats, and compared it with tissue distributions previously reported for other DPP-4 inhibitors. Following the oral administration of [14 C]teneligliptin to Sprague-Dawley rats, it was predominantly distributed to the kidney and liver, followed by the lung,(More)
BACKGROUND Although increased nitric oxide (NO) production in asthma is mediated largely by upregulation of the inducible form of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS, or NOS 2), some studies have suggested an important role for the usually constitutive neural NOS isoform (nNOS, or NOS 1). AIM To investigate how NOS 1 may influence allergic inflammation, we used(More)
Exposure to chlorine gas (Cl2) causes occupational asthma that we hypothesized occurs through the induction of airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness by oxidative damage. Respiratory mechanics and airway responsiveness to methacholine were assessed in A/J mice 24 hours after a 5-minute exposure to 100, 200, 400, or 800 ppm Cl2 and 2 and 7 days(More)
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