Hiraku Shimada

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The mechanism of micromere specification is one of the central issues in sea urchin development. In this study we have identified a sea urchin homologue of ets 1 + 2. HpEts, which is maternally expressed ubiquitously during the cleavage stage and which expression becomes restricted to the skeletogenic primary mesenchyme cells (PMC) after the hatching(More)
Signals from micromere descendants play a crucial role in sea urchin development. In this study, we demonstrate that these micromere descendants express HpTb, a T-brain homolog of Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus. HpTb is expressed transiently from the hatched blastula stage through the mesenchyme blastula stage to the gastrula stage. By a combination of embryo(More)
The proctodeum of the Drosophila embryo originates from the posterior end of the blastoderm and forms the hindgut. By enhancer-trap mutagenesis, using a P-element-lacZ vector, we identified a mutation that caused degeneration of the proctodeum during shortening of the germ band and named it aproctous (apro). Expression of the lacZ reporter gene, which was(More)
Echinoderms are the sister group of the chordates and hemichordates within the deuterostomes. They lack a notochord or any structures obviously homologous with it. To gain insight into developmental mechanisms important in the origin and early evolution of chordates, we investigated sea urchin homologues of chordate genes that are implicated in notochord(More)
We report the identification and characterization of Unichrom, a gene encoding a new G-stretch-DNA-binding protein in the sea urchin embryo. The derived amino acid sequence of Unichrom contains plant homeodomain (PHD) finger and high mobility group (HMG) motifs as well as motifs required for cell-cycle-dependent degradation. The expression of a(More)
Newly synthesized DNA was separated from the bulk of the DNA by pulse-labeling with BUdR and centrifugation in an alkaline CsCl buoyant density gradient. The content of histone gene in the newly synthesized DNA was determined by DNA dot hybridization. The gene contents in DNA replicated during the early half of S phase and during the whole S phase were(More)
A product of sea urchin homologues of the Drosophila orthodenticle gene, HpOtxL has been implicated as a transcription activator of the aboral ectoderm-specific arylsulfatase (Ars) gene during early development of the sea urchin embryo. Using an in vivo transactivation system, we present evidence that HpOtxL activates the target gene by interacting with(More)
Eukaryotic genomic DNA is organized into loop structures by attachments to the nuclear matrix. These attachments to the nuclear matrix have been supposed to form the boundaries of chromosomal DNA. Insulators or boundary elements are defined by two characteristics: they interrupt promoter-enhancer communications when inserted between them, and they suppress(More)