Learn More
Polysialic acid on the neural cell adhesion molecule is developmentally regulated and has been implicated in the plasticity of cell-cell interactions. The sialyltransferases ST8Sia II and ST8Sia IV are able to catalyze the synthesis of polysialic acid. This study compares the expression of ST8Sia II and ST8Sia IV mRNA during postnatal rat brain development.(More)
1. The effects of Pb2+ and Zn2+ on the peak of the voltage-activated calcium current of Aplysia neurons were examined. Calcium currents were reversibly blocked by Pb2+ at concentrations that did not significantly affect potassium and sodium currents and by Zn2+ at concentrations associated with a delay and reduction of peak sodium and potassium currents. 2.(More)
Lead is a potent and reversible inhibitor of the voltage-dependent calcium current of Aplysia neurons in a concentration range (1-1000 microM) similar to that which elicits toxic effects in man. The threshold for inhibition is 1 microM and the dissociation constant about 90 microM. The inhibition is due to reduction of the peak current amplitude, and not(More)
Using conventional two electrode voltage clamp techniques we have studied the effects of Pb2+, triethyl lead (TEL) and Hg2+ on voltage-activated calcium channels of Aplysia neurons and found that all three metals are potent inhibitors at micromolar concentrations. However, the time course of current reduction or block and its reversibility vary when(More)
Using the GD3-specific mAb R24 we demonstrate by immunohistochemistry that the first embryonic cells of chicken expressing GD3 represent heavily proliferating cells of mesodermal origin (mesenchymal stem and endothelial cells). At this developmental stage (E1-1.5) neuroectodermal cells of the forming neural tube are not stained by R24 or any other available(More)
The amounts of calcium and strontium were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) in saccular and utricular inner ear otoliths (sagittae and lapilli, respectively) of developing cichlid fish. These fish had been maintained for 22 days at 3-g hypergravity conditions within a centrifuge. During this time-span, the animals completed(More)
We have investigated the effect of Zn2+ on voltage-activated calcium currents of Aplysia neurons, using conventional two-electrode voltage-clamp techniques. The peak of these currents was reversibly reduced by Zn2+ (50% reduction at 3.75 mM; total block at 20 mM), while the current-voltage relation and the activation and inactivation curves were shifted to(More)
1. The functional properties of biological membranes depend on their molecular composition. In regard to this, charged glycosphingolipids play an outstanding role in the functional adaptation of membranes to different temperatures. 2. In order to shed some light on the respective functional properties of complex membraneous glycosphingolipids, the effects(More)
By means of newly developed electron microscopical techniques (electron spectroscopic imaging, ESI; electron energy loss spectroscopy, EELS; immunogold labelling) a specific accumulation of endogenous calcium within the synaptic cleft and a distinct localization of a high-affinity Ca(2+)-ATPase at the inner sides of the pre- and postsynaptic membrane of(More)