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The data presented support the idea that gangliosides are involved in thermal adaptation of neuronal membranes. Brain ganglioside patterns from cold-blooded vertebrate species living in different climates and from mammals during ontogenetical or seasonal changes in their body temperature were compared. The general rule "the lower the environmental(More)
Polysialic acid on the neural cell adhesion molecule is developmentally regulated and has been implicated in the plasticity of cell-cell interactions. The sialyltransferases ST8Sia II and ST8Sia IV are able to catalyze the synthesis of polysialic acid. This study compares the expression of ST8Sia II and ST8Sia IV mRNA during postnatal rat brain development.(More)
To confirm the effect of gangliosides on the facilitation of the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP), slices of hippocampus and superior colliculus from guinea pig were prepared. One group of slices was incubated in the standard medium containing gangliosides (GM1, GD1a, or a mixture of gangliosides from bovine brain, each at a concentration of 70(More)
1. The effects of Pb2+ and Zn2+ on the peak of the voltage-activated calcium current of Aplysia neurons were examined. Calcium currents were reversibly blocked by Pb2+ at concentrations that did not significantly affect potassium and sodium currents and by Zn2+ at concentrations associated with a delay and reduction of peak sodium and potassium currents. 2.(More)
The energy-filtering electron microscopical modes of electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) and electron spectroscopic imaging (ESI) have been applied to the cytochemical detection of Ca(2+)-ATPase activity in synaptic terminals in the brain of a cichlid fish. Using a recently developed modification of an enzyme-histochemical method, cerium phosphate was(More)
We have investigated the effect of Zn2+ on voltage-activated calcium currents of Aplysia neurons, using conventional two-electrode voltage-clamp techniques. The peak of these currents was reversibly reduced by Zn2+ (50% reduction at 3.75 mM; total block at 20 mM), while the current-voltage relation and the activation and inactivation curves were shifted to(More)
It is generally accepted that the process of molecular facilitation (= Bahnung) of neuronal circuits by means of stabilization of synaptic contacts represents the structural basis for memory formation. On the basis of physiological, electron microscopic, biochemical, and physicochemical data, a concept is presented speaking in favor of the idea that(More)
The concentration of gangliosides, sialoglycoproteins and proteins was studied in the whole brains and single brain structures (cortex, olfactory bulb, corpora quadrigemina region equals midbrain, cerebellum, thalamic region and oblongated medulla) of female rats from 14 developmental stages ranging from day 8 of gestation to more than 3 years of age. The(More)
Using the GD3-specific mAb R24 we demonstrate by immunohistochemistry that the first embryonic cells of chicken expressing GD3 represent heavily proliferating cells of mesodermal origin (mesenchymal stem and endothelial cells). At this developmental stage (E1-1.5) neuroectodermal cells of the forming neural tube are not stained by R24 or any other available(More)
Lead is a potent and reversible inhibitor of the voltage-dependent calcium current of Aplysia neurons in a concentration range (1-1000 microM) similar to that which elicits toxic effects in man. The threshold for inhibition is 1 microM and the dissociation constant about 90 microM. The inhibition is due to reduction of the peak current amplitude, and not(More)