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BACKGROUND Little is known about treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in high HIV-prevalence settings such as sub-Saharan Africa. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We did a retrospective analysis of early outcomes of the first cohort of patients registered in the Lesotho national MDR-TB program between July 21, 2007 and April 21, 2008.(More)
BACKGROUND Hypothyroidism is a known side effect of treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), but it is considered to be rare. Hypothyroidism has vague and non-specific symptoms, and can be easily missed by clinicians. OBJECTIVE To report the high rate of hypothyroidism in a cohort of MDR-TB patients in Lesotho and to describe our approach(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the experience of strengthening laboratory diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) in a resource-limited country with high TB-HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) prevalence. METHODS In the Kingdom of Lesotho, which is confronted with high levels of TB, MDR-TB and HIV prevalence, between 2006 and 2008 a(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have examined outcomes for children treated for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), including those receiving concomitant treatment for MDR-TB and HIV co-infection. In Lesotho, where the adult HIV seroprevalence is estimated to be 24%, we sought to measure outcomes and adverse events in a cohort of children treated for MDR-TB(More)
BACKGROUND Although the importance of concurrent treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and HIV co-infection has been increasingly recognized, there have been few studies reporting outcomes of MDR-TB and HIV co-treatment. We report final outcomes of comprehensive, integrated MDR-TB and HIV treatment in Lesotho and examine factors associated(More)
In 2000, all 191 United Nations member states agreed to work toward the achievement of a set of health and development goals by 2015. The achievement of these eight goals, the Millennium Development goals (MDGs) is highly dependent on improving the status of women, who play a key role in health and education in families and communities around the world. Yet(More)
To the Editor: Reports of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) in the Republic of South Africa have generated concern in the medical and public health literature (1,2). Given that XDR TB is spread through the air, it is not surprising that cases have been reported in multiple countries throughout the world (3). We report a documented case of XDR(More)
Treating drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) is particularly challenging in high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence settings. Neither antiretroviral resistance testing nor viral load monitoring is widely available in sub-Saharan Africa, and antiretroviral resistance can complicate the clinical management for DR-TB/HIV coinfected patients. We(More)
BACKGROUND Although it is now widely recognized that reductions in maternal mortality and improvements in women's health cannot be achieved through simple, vertical strategies, few programs have provided successful models for how to integrate services into a comprehensive program for maternal health. We report our experience in rural Lesotho, where Partners(More)