Hinako Toyama

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We proposed [11C]KF18446 as a selective radioligand for mapping the adenosine A2A receptors being highly enriched in the striatum by positron emission tomography (PET). In the present study, we investigated whether [11C]KF18446 PET can detect the change in the striatal adenosine A2A receptors in the rat after unilateral injection of an excitotoxin(More)
Specific region-based analysis for the quantification of brain imaging is very time-consuming work and subject to errors in both accuracy and reproducibility. In this study, we assessed a two-step template-based method for defining volumes of interest (VOIs). The first step was the spatial transformation of the VOI template from a model MRI to an individual(More)
With [11C]raclopride,[11C]nemonapride and [11C]N-methylspiperone, degeneration of dopamine D2-like receptors in the unilaterally quinolinic acid-lesioned rats was evaluated by positron emission tomography (PET) and ex vivo and in vitro autoradiography. PET showed a decreased uptake of [11C]raclopride in the lesioned striatum, but an increased uptake of(More)
Before the completion of visual development, visual deprivation impairs synaptic elimination in the visual cortex. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the distribution of central benzodiazepine receptor (BZR) is also altered in the visual cortex in subjects with early-onset blindness. Positron emission tomography was carried out with(More)
[(11)C]DAA1106 is a potent and selective ligand for the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) with high affinity. It has been reported that the density of PBR is related to brain damage, so a reliable tracer method for the evaluation of PBR would be of use. We evaluated a quantification method of [(11)C]DAA1106 binding in simulated data and human brain(More)
SUMMARY [11C](+)McN5652 is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor with subnanomolar potency for the serotonin transporter, and is currently being used for positron emission tomography studies. However, quantification of the regional [11C](+)McN5652 binding potential in vivo is a controversial issue because of its complex characteristics. The authors(More)
We evaluated the potential of [(11)C]MPDX as a radioligand for mapping adenosine A(1) receptors in comparison with previously proposed [(11)C]KF15372 in cat brain by PET. Two tracers showed the same brain distribution. Brain uptake of [(11)C]MPDX (Ki = 4.2 nM) was much higher and washed out faster than that of [(11)C]KF15372 (Ki = 3.0 nM), and was blocked(More)
We developed an objective and quantitative method of mapping the human visual field with positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance image (MRI). The regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) images were acquired with H2(15)O-PET under visual fixation as well as under visual stimulation with flickering diodes arranged along the ring at 0 degree, 3(More)
In order to promote the utilization of digital clinical information among medical professionals, an education program and electronic teaching materials involving fictitious model patients were developed for students in a health and welfare college. The purposes of this program were for students to learn the role of each medical professional and to(More)
In the education of medical professionals, imitation medical records and associated documents were developed as electronic teaching materials for students in order to teach collaboration among medical professionals such as nurses, therapists and medical social workers. The roles of each medical professional and the flow of clinical practice were taught(More)