Hinako Toyama

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Specific region-based analysis for the quantification of brain imaging is very time-consuming work and subject to errors in both accuracy and reproducibility. In this study, we assessed a two-step template-based method for defining volumes of interest (VOIs). The first step was the spatial transformation of the VOI template from a model MRI to an individual(More)
[(11)C]DAA1106 is a potent and selective ligand for the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) with high affinity. It has been reported that the density of PBR is related to brain damage, so a reliable tracer method for the evaluation of PBR would be of use. We evaluated a quantification method of [(11)C]DAA1106 binding in simulated data and human brain(More)
Before the completion of visual development, visual deprivation impairs synaptic elimination in the visual cortex. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the distribution of central benzodiazepine receptor (BZR) is also altered in the visual cortex in subjects with early-onset blindness. Positron emission tomography was carried out with(More)
With [11C]raclopride,[11C]nemonapride and [11C]N-methylspiperone, degeneration of dopamine D2-like receptors in the unilaterally quinolinic acid-lesioned rats was evaluated by positron emission tomography (PET) and ex vivo and in vitro autoradiography. PET showed a decreased uptake of [11C]raclopride in the lesioned striatum, but an increased uptake of(More)
In order to promote the utilization of digital clinical information among medical professionals, an education program and electronic teaching materials involving fictitious model patients were developed for students in a health and welfare college. The purposes of this program were for students to learn the role of each medical professional and to(More)
We evaluated the potential of [(11)C]MPDX as a radioligand for mapping adenosine A(1) receptors in comparison with previously proposed [(11)C]KF15372 in cat brain by PET. Two tracers showed the same brain distribution. Brain uptake of [(11)C]MPDX (Ki = 4.2 nM) was much higher and washed out faster than that of [(11)C]KF15372 (Ki = 3.0 nM), and was blocked(More)
SUMMARY [11C](+)McN5652 is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor with subnanomolar potency for the serotonin transporter, and is currently being used for positron emission tomography studies. However, quantification of the regional [11C](+)McN5652 binding potential in vivo is a controversial issue because of its complex characteristics. The authors(More)
We developed an objective and quantitative method of mapping the human visual field with positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance image (MRI). The regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) images were acquired with H2(15)O-PET under visual fixation as well as under visual stimulation with flickering diodes arranged along the ring at 0 degree, 3(More)
In the education of medical professionals, imitation medical records and associated documents were developed as electronic teaching materials for students in order to teach collaboration among medical professionals such as nurses, therapists and medical social workers. The roles of each medical professional and the flow of clinical practice were taught(More)
We propose a new method for diagnostic assistance in oncology, [fluorine-18]-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D: -glucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET). Early and delayed scans were performed on 10 patients with lung cancer by use of an ECAT EXACT 47 PET scanner, and standardized-uptake-value (SUV) images were created. Three segmentation (S1, S2, and S3) maps(More)