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Cell cycle withdrawal limits proliferation of adult mammalian cardiomyocytes. Therefore, the concept of stimulating myocyte mitotic divisions has dramatic implications for cardiomyocyte regeneration and hence, cardiovascular disease. Previous reports describing manipulation of cell cycle proteins have not shown induction of cardiomyocyte mitosis after(More)
Fetal cells enter the maternal circulation during pregnancies and can persist in blood and tissues for decades, creating a state of physiologic microchimerism. Microchimerism refers to acquisition of cells from another individual and can be due to bidirectional cell traffic between mother and fetus during pregnancy. Peripartum cardiomyopathy, a rare cardiac(More)
Sepsis is a major cause of death worldwide. It triggers systemic inflammation, the role of which remains unclear. In the current study, we investigated the induction of microRNA (miRNA) during sepsis and their role in the regulation of inflammation. Patients, on days 1 and 5 following sepsis diagnosis, had reduced T cells but elevated monocytes. Plasma(More)
Intracranial aneurysm (IA) rupture is one of the leading causes of stroke in the United States and remains a major health concern today. Most aneurysms are asymptomatic with a minor percentage of rupture annually. Regardless, IA rupture has a devastatingly high mortality rate and does not have specifi c drugs that stabilize or prevent aneurysm rupture,(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure is a global health concern. As a novel therapeutic strategy, the induction of endogenous myocardial regeneration was investigated by initiating cardiomyocyte mitosis by expressing the cell cycle regulator cyclin A2. METHODS AND RESULTS Lewis rats underwent left anterior descending coronary artery ligation followed by peri-infarct(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis is a deadly immunological disorder and its pathophysiology is still poorly understood. We aimed to determine if specific pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines can be used as diagnostic and therapeutic targets for sepsis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Recent publications in the MEDLINE database were searched for articles regarding the(More)
Mammalian myocardial infarction is typically followed by scar formation with eventual ventricular dilation and heart failure. Here we present a novel model system in which mice constitutively expressing cyclin A2 in the myocardium elicit a regenerative response after infarction and exhibit significantly limited ventricular dilation with sustained and(More)
RATIONALE Fetal cells enter the maternal circulation during pregnancy and may persist in maternal tissue for decades as microchimeras. OBJECTIVE Based on clinical observations of peripartum cardiomyopathy patients and the high rate of recovery they experience from heart failure, our objective was to determine whether fetal cells can migrate to the(More)
Cyclin A2 (Ccna2), normally silenced after birth in the mammalian heart, can induce cardiac repair in small-animal models of myocardial infarction. We report that delivery of the Ccna2 gene to infarcted porcine hearts invokes a regenerative response. We used a catheter-based approach to occlude the left anterior descending artery in swine, which resulted in(More)
For efficiently assessing the potential for grafted cells to repair infarcted myocardium, a simplified surrogate heart muscle system would offer numerous advantages. Using neonatal rat cardiac myocytes in a collagen matrix, we created thin cylindrical engineered cardiac tissues (ECTs) that exhibit essential aspects of physiologic cardiac muscle function.(More)