Himanshu N. Brahmbhatt

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Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an asbestos-induced cancer with poor prognosis that displays characteristic alterations in microRNA expression. Recently it was reported that the expression of a subset of microRNAs can distinguish between MPM and adenocarcinoma of the lung. However, the functional importance of these changes has yet to be(More)
Effective cancer therapy continues to be a daunting challenge due mainly to considerable tumor cell heterogeneity, drug-resistance, and dose-limiting toxicity of therapeutics. Here we review a versatile nano-cellular (minicell) delivery vehicle that can be packaged with therapeutically effective concentrations of chemotherapeutic drugs, siRNAs or shRNAs and(More)
The dose-limiting toxicity of chemotherapeutics, heterogeneity and drug resistance of cancer cells, and difficulties of targeted delivery to tumors all pose daunting challenges to effective cancer therapy. We report that small interfering RNA (siRNA) duplexes readily penetrate intact bacterially derived minicells previously shown to cause tumor(More)
Systemic administration of chemotherapeutic agents results in indiscriminate drug distribution and severe toxicity. Here we report a technology potentially overcoming these shortcomings through encapsulation and cancer cell-specific targeting of chemotherapeutics in bacterially derived 400 nm minicells. We discovered that minicells can be packaged with(More)
The complete Shiga toxin B subunit and two N-terminal segments of the B subunit have been inserted into a cell surface exposed loop of the LamB protein, and expression of the hybrid proteins from three different promoter systems, i.e., (i) an in vitro-inducible tac promoter that provides high-level expression, (ii) the iron-regulated aerobactin promoter(More)
miRNAs are responsible for post-transcriptional control of gene expression, and are frequently downregulated in cancer. It has become well established that restoring miRNA levels can inhibit tumor growth, and many studies have demonstrated this in preclinical models. This in turn has led to the first clinical trials of miRNA replacement therapy. This(More)
The Shiga toxin B-subunit has been fused to the 23-kD C-terminus of Escherichia coli haemolysin A (HlyA) and exported from attenuated antigen carrier strain of Salmonella typhimurium aroA (SL3261). The expression of the gene fusion under the control of a synthetic modified beta-lactamase promoter (constitutive expression) and under the iron-regulated(More)
Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) has a poor prognosis with significant unmet clinical need due to late diagnosis, high rates of recurrence/metastasis and poor response to conventional treatment. Replacing tumor suppressor microRNAs (miRNAs) offer a novel therapy, however systemic delivery remains challenging. A number of miRNAs have been described to be(More)
Biosynthesis of the Salmonella typhimurium LT2 O antigen is encoded by genes which map in the rfb cluster. The cloning and restriction enzyme analysis of part of this cluster have been described previously (H. N. Brahmbhatt, N. B. Quigley, and P. R. Reeves, Mol. Gen. Genet. 203:172-176, 1986). The entire rfb gene cluster has now been cloned, and a detailed(More)