Hilton H. Mollenhauer

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Monensin, a monovalent ion-selective ionophore, facilitates the transmembrane exchange of principally sodium ions for protons. The outer surface of the ionophore-ion complex is composed largely of nonpolar hydrocarbon, which imparts a high solubility to the complexes in nonpolar solvents. In biological systems, these complexes are freely soluble in the(More)
The in vitro adherence of [3H]thymidine-labeled Salmonella typhimurium isolates to the small intestine of one-day-old chickens was investigated. Bacteria were screened for mannose sensitivity and mannose-resistance binding properties. Type 1 fimbriae positive strains adhered significantly better than Type 2 fimbriae-negative strains. Adherence was(More)
In 1898, Camillio Golgi reported a new cellular constituent with the form of an extensive intracellular network (the apparato reticolare interno), which now bears his name. However, the history of Golgi's apparatus is replete with controversy regarding its reality, what components of the cell should be included under its aegis, and what terminology should(More)
Broiler chickens can be contaminated by Salmonella typhimurium, which is a food safety concern. It has been previously shown that D-mannose blocks S. typhimurium adherence to chicken intestine in vitro. One-day-old broiler chickens were fed normal drinking water or drinking water supplemented with 2.5% mannose for 10 days. On Day 3, both groups were(More)
The effect of carbohydrates in the drinking water of broiler chickens on Salmonella typhimurium colonization was evaluated. Results indicate that mannose and lactose (2.5%) significantly (P less than 0.05) reduced intestinal colonization of S. typhimurium by at least one-half, as compared with dextrose, maltose, and sucrose. Lactose and mannose also(More)
Propagation of Babesia bovis in a Boophilus microplus cell line resulted in the appearance of the sexual stage of the parasite normally found only within tick intestine. These sexual stages, which possessed spike-like projections containing microtubules, were present in the medium and within cultured cells. Other ultrastructural characteristics of this(More)
The progression of aflatoxicosis was evaluated in young broiler chickens (Hubbard X Hubbard). The experimental design consisted of four dietary treatments of aflatoxin (0, 1.25, 2.5, and 5.0 micrograms of aflatoxin/g of feed, ppm) and 11 replicates of 10 broilers/replicate. The broilers were maintained in electrically heated batteries with feed and water(More)
Sucrose-gradient-purified dictyosomes of plant Golgi apparatus appear, after glutaraldehyde stabilization, as stacks of highly fenestrate and tubate cisternae when negatively stained with phosphotungstic acid, shadowed with heavy metal, or OsO(4)-stained in thin section. The tubular proliferations (diameter 200 to 400 A) extend for several microns from the(More)
The effects of colchicine and cytochalasin B on the structure of dictyosomes of maize root tips were studied. Colchicine did not significantly affect dictyosome structure or change the distribution of dictyosome-derived secretory vesicles. Cytochalasin B did not significantly change dictyosome structure or intercisternal fibers, but did alter markedly the(More)