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Molecules of the TNF-R family have been shown to be essential in the regulation of lymphocyte growth and differentiation. The TNF-R family member CD27 binds to a type II transmembrane molecule belonging to the TNF gene family (CD27L) that is identical to the lymphocyte activation Ag CD70. Using transfected mouse fibroblasts expressing human CD70, we(More)
A one-year serological and clinical follow-up study was conducted to assess the prevalence and incidence of asymptomatic and symptomatic infection with Borrelia burgdorferi among 151 Dutch forestry workers. The prevalence of antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi among the forestry workers and among office employees as control group was compared. Antibodies to(More)
Serum samples from 127 Dutch forestry workers and 127 matched controls were tested for antibodies against Borrelia burgdorferi in an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA). Those of the forestry workers were also tested by Western blotting. The forestry workers were examined clinically for evidence of Lyme borreliosis without the examiner or the workers(More)
Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato has been subdivided into three genospecies: B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, B. garinii, and B. burgdorferi group VS461. Sixty-eight isolates cultured from patients and 26 strains from ticks were characterized with use of SDS-PAGE, western blotting, and rRNA gene restriction analysis. Fifty-seven of 58 strains obtained from the(More)
In a retrospective study 56 consecutive patients with uveitis of unknown origin and 56 consecutive patients suffering from uveitis of established aetiology were investigated. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of positive serological tests for Lyme borreliosis among patients with uveitis and to relate laboratory data to clinical(More)
Regional variations in the clinical spectrum of Lyme borreliosis have been described previously. These may be related to strain variations, or reflect selection bias. We compared the clinical and epidemiological profiles of Dutch patients presenting with solitary erythema migrans alone, with the profiles in other European studies, and studies from the(More)
Engagement of the TCR/CD3 complex together with ligation of CD28 by its counterstructures B7-1 (CD80) and B7-2 (CD86) on APC are required for mitogenic T cell activation. After activation, T cells not only express B7-1 and B7-2 molecules, but a second receptor for the B7 ligands, CTLA-4, can be found on their surfaces. We here show that B cells can be(More)
1. Aicardi J, Goutieres F. A progressive familial encephalopathy in infancy with calcifications of the basal ganglia and chronic cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytosis. Ann Neurol 1984;15:49–54. 2. Lebon P, Badoual J, Ponsot G, Goutieres F, HemeuryCukier F, Aicardi J. Intrathecal synthesis of interferonalpha in infants with progressive familial encephalopathy. J(More)
Erythematous skin lesions due to infection with Borrelia burgdorferi will often disappear without antibiotic treatment. The aim of the study was to assess whether after disappearance of the erythematous skin lesion B. burgdorferi is still present in the healthy-looking skin of untreated patients. In six patients, a skin biopsy specimen was taken at the site(More)
To determine whether early dissemination of Borrelia burgdorferi to the central nervous system occurs in stage I of Lyme borreliosis, neurological and cerebrospinal fluid examination was performed in 48 consecutive patients in whom the only sign of infection was a solitary erythema migrans lesion. Long-term follow-up after treatment with tetracycline was(More)