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Renealmia L.f. (Zingiberaceae) is one of the few tropical plant genera with numerous species in both Africa and South America but not in Asia. Based on phylogenetic analysis of nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and chloroplast trnL-F DNA, Renealmia is shown to be monophyletic with high branch support. Low sequence divergence found in the(More)
The new approach builds upon the theory, that the elasticity of a sample is dependent on the velocity of sound waves propagating in the material. In technical mechanics, this relationship is well known. A model, describing the mechanical behaviour of biological tissue is developed. It takes non-linear mechanical tissue properties into account. The(More)
Fifty clinical and environmental isolates of Legionella pneumophila were typed serologically and by DNA fingerprinting using arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction (AP-PCR). Furthermore, variability in and around ribosomal operons was assessed by conventional ribotyping and PCR-mediated amplification of the spacer region separating the 16S and 23S(More)
Floodplain areas in the Netherlands are moderately to heavily contaminated with trace metals and organic contaminants. The impact of this sediment pollution on benthic invertebrates is best described with so-called 'bioavailable' concentrations instead of total concentrations. Studies into the effect of contaminants on biota are usually a snapshot in time,(More)
Bioassays are widely used to estimate ecological risks of contaminated sediments. We compared the results of three whole sediment bioassays, using the midge larva Chironomus riparius, the water louse Asellus aquaticus, and the mayfly nymph Ephoron virgo. We used sediments from sixteen locations in the Dutch Rhine-Meuse Delta that differed in level of(More)
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