Hilmer O Negrete

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Water rapidly crosses most membranes, but only slowly crosses apical membranes of barrier epithelia such as bladder and kidney collecting duct, a feature essential to barrier function. How apical membrane structure reduces permeabilities remains unclear. Cell plasma membranes contain two leaflets of distinct lipid composition; the role of this bilayer(More)
Because the mammalian bladder must store urine of composition which differs markedly from that of plasma for prolonged periods, the bladder permeability barrier must maintain extremely low permeabilities to substances which normally cross membranes relatively rapidly, such as water, protons, and small nonelectrolytes like urea and ammonia. In the present(More)
Barrier epithelia such as the renal collecting duct (in the absence of antidiuretic hormone) and thick ascending limb, as well as the stomach and mammalian bladder, exhibit extremely low permeabilities to water and small nonelectrolytes. A cell culture model of such epithelia is needed to determine how the structure of barrier apical membranes reduce(More)
Protein kinase C is activated in numerous tissues obtained from diabetic animals and in several cultured cell systems exposed to high media glucose in vitro including glomerular mesangial cells. Several activators of protein kinase C, such as high media glucose, angiotensin II, phorbol ester, low density lipoprotein, and the thromboxane analogue U-46619,(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that thromboxane (TX) stimulates matrix protein synthesis in mesangial cells (MC), and that this action is signalled by receptor mediated activation of protein kinase C (PKC). In the present study, we examined the hypothesis that activation of PKC by TX signals increases in transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta)(More)
Thromboxane A2 (TXA2) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of progressive glomerulosclerosis and stimulates the synthesis of matrix protein by mesangial cells (MCs). This study examined the role of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) in the mediation of the action of the stable TXA2/prostaglandin (PG) endoperoxide analog U-46619 to stimulate(More)
The number of cases of treated end-stage renal disease (ESRD) attributable to type 2 diabetes and survival after the onset of renal replacement therapy was examined in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI). All Chamorros and Carolinians to receive renal replacement therapy for ESRD between January 1982 and December 2002 were identified.(More)
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