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Although skin is the largest organ of the human body, cutaneous drug metabolism is often overlooked, and existing experimental models are insufficiently validated. This proof-of-concept study investigated phase II biotransformation of 11 test substrates in fresh full-thickness human skin explants, a model containing all skin cell types. Results show that(More)
BACKGROUND The recent success in the derivation of differentiated cell types from stem cells has raised prospects for the application of regenerative cell therapy. In particular, embryonic stem cells are attractive sources for cell transplantation, due to their immortality and rapid growth. These cells, however, also possess tumorigenic properties, which(More)
In Africa, Sutherlandia frutescens is a popular medicinal herb widely consumed by people living with human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS. Concomitant use with antiretroviral drugs has generated concerns of herb-drug interaction (HDI). This study investigated the inhibitory effects of the crude extracts of S. frutescens on the major cytochrome P450 isozymes(More)
CONTEXT Aqueous decoction of Hypoxis hemerocallidea Fisch. & C.A. Mey. (Hypoxidaceae) (Hypoxis) is widely consumed in Southern Africa by people living with HIV/AIDS, some of whom are on ARV and other medications. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of the crude aqueous extracts of Hypoxis to inhibit major forms of CYP450 and(More)
Cardiomyocyte transplantation could offer a new approach to replace scarred, nonfunctional myocardium in a diseased heart. Clinical application of this approach would require the ability to generate large numbers of donor cells. The purpose of this study was to develop a scalable, robust, and reproducible process to derive purified cardiomyocytes from(More)
Epothilones are natural macrolides displaying potent antiproliferative properties against various cell lines and capable to bind tubulin and acting as microtubule-stabilizing agents like taxoids. We intended to isolate and characterize epothilone metabolites and identify enzymes implicated in the biotransformation process. In the presence of NADPH, liver(More)
The origin of the long-wavelength chlorophyll (Chl) absorption (λpeak > 680 nm) and fluorescence emission (λpeak > 685 nm) has been investigated on Scenedesmus mutants (C-2A′-series, lacking the ability to synthesize chlorophyll in the dark) grown at 0.3 (LL), 10 (ML) and 240 µE s−1 m−2(HL). LL cells are arrested in an early greening state; consequently,(More)
Hormonal steroids or their precursors can be metabolized in the CNS to products with altered hormonal activity. The importance of the intracerebral transformation of steroids has been demonstrated, particularly with regard to neuroendocrine regulation and sexual behavior. These studies were carried out on normal brain tissues, but the ability of neoplastic(More)
ATP is released by numerous cell types in response to mechanical strain. It then acts as a paracrine or autocrine signaling molecule, inducing a variety of biological responses. In this work, we addressed the question whether mechanical force acting on the membranes of contracting cardiomyocytes during periodic longitudinal shortening can stimulate the(More)