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BACKGROUND In addition to medical care, dying patients often need many types of assistance, including help with transportation, nursing care, homemaking services, and personal care. We interviewed terminally ill adults and their care givers in six randomly selected areas of the United States (five metropolitan areas and one rural county) to determine how(More)
End-of-life care has benefited from the recognition that multiple dimensions exist to patient care needs. However, well-designed clinical tools to evaluate these multiple dimensions are few. Such tools are available for evaluations of pain and other specific areas, but clinicians need a sensitive and reliable set of bedside questions to assess and screen(More)
OBJECTIVES The association between parent-reported postnatal secondhand tobacco smoke exposure in the home and neurobehavioral disorders (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, learning disabilities, and conduct disorders) among children younger than 12 years in the United States was examined using the 2007 National Survey on Children's Health. Excess(More)
BACKGROUND In the USA, consumption of moist snuff continues to increase and cigarette manufacturers now control nearly its entire market. Manufacturers have developed new products that represent cigarette brand extension and in test marketing are promoting dual use of cigarettes and snuff. This study examined patterns of concurrent use of smokeless tobacco(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma continues to be a substantial cause of morbidity in pediatric populations. New strategies are needed to provide cost-effective educational interventions for children with asthma, particularly those in the inner city. OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of a multimedia educational software program about asthma. SETTING A(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined whether tobacco manufacturers manipulate the menthol content of cigarettes in an effort to target adolescents and young adults. METHODS We analyzed data from tobacco industry documents describing menthol product development, results of laboratory testing of US menthol brands, market research reports, and the 2006 National Survey on(More)
BACKGROUND Citizens have conveyed to professionals that care at the end of life is less than optimal. Efforts to improve matters have tended to work in piecemeal fashion, on tangible more than personal aspects of care, and without the benefit of documented perspectives of those who face dying. Policy initiatives and clinical interventions need guidance from(More)
BACKGROUND Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in humans. Limited data exist regarding the extent of the problem among Cyprus youth. We use the Global Youth Tobacco Survey to assess the prevalence of cigarette smoking among middle and high school students as well as the social environment in which this is taking(More)
BACKGROUND Informed consent forms should document and reflect the goals of informed consent and shared decision making. We conducted this study to examine the extent to which informed consent for procedure forms meet accepted informed consent standards, how well state informed consent statutes correlate with these standards, and whether existing forms can(More)