Hille J. Elwood

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Polymerase chain reaction conditions were established for the in vitro amplification of eukaryotic small subunit ribosomal (16S-like) rRNA genes. Coding regions from algae, fungi, and protozoa were amplified from nanogram quantities of genomic DNA or recombinant plasmids containing rDNA genes. Oligodeoxynucleotides that are complementary to conserved(More)
An analysis of the small subunit ribosomal RNA (16S-like rRNA) from the protozoan Giardia lamblia provided a new perspective on the evolution of nucleated cells. Evolutionary distances estimated from sequence comparisons between the 16S-like rRNAs of Giardia lamblia and other eukaryotes exceed similar estimates of evolutionary diversity between(More)
We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the small-subunit ribosomal RNA genes for the ciliate protozoans Stylonychia pustulata and Oxytricha nova. The sequences are homologous and sufficiently similar that these organisms must be closely related. In a phylogeny inferred from comparisons of several eukaryotic small-subunit ribosomal RNAs, the(More)
The phylogenetic relationships among the chlorophyte Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, the chrysophyte Ochromonas danica, and the oomycete Achyla bisexualis were explored by comparing the sequences of their small-subunit ribosomal RNA coding regions. Comparisons of similarity values or inspection of phylogenetic trees constructed by distance matrix methods reveal(More)
The small-subunit rRNA gene sequences of the flagellated protists Euglena gracilis and Trypanosoma brucei were determined and compared to those of other eukaryotes. A phylogenetic tree was constructed in which the earliest branching among the eukaryotes is represented by E. gracilis. The E. gracilis divergence far antedates a period of massive evolutionary(More)
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia is the most common opportunistic infection in AIDS, and accounts for significant morbidity and mortality in these and other immunocompromised patients. P. carinii is a eukaryotic microorganism of uncertain taxonomy that can infect numerous mammalian hosts. Developing from a small, unicellular 'trophozoite' into a 'cyst'(More)
The small subunit ribosomal RNA (16S-like rRNA) coding regions of the hypotrichous ciliatesOnychodromus quadricornutus andOxytricha granulifera were amplified using polymerase chain reaction techniques. Complete sequences were determined for the amplified genes and compared to those of other ciliated protozoa. In phylogenetic trees inferred using distance(More)
We have determined the complete sequence of two structurally distinct 18S ribosomal RNA genes from the malarial parasite Plasmodium falciparum. S1 nuclease analyses demonstrate that only one of the genes is represented in stable rRNA populations isolated from blood-stage parasites. Comparisons of homologous rRNA genes from Plasmodium berghei and P.(More)
We have sequenced the coding region for the small-subunit rRNA gene fromParamecium tetraurelia. Similarity comparisons between smallsubunit rRNAs from representative of the Metazoa, the Plantae, the Fungi and four other members of the Ciliophora were used to construct phylogenetic trees. In these phylogenies the Ciliophora diverged from the eukaryotic line(More)