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OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether baseline or procedural stress during in vitro fertilization (IVF) or gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) affects pregnancy or live birth delivery rates. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Seven clinics in Southern California between 1993 and 1998. PATIENT(S) One hundred and fifty-one women completed two questionnaires.(More)
There is no greater tribute to the importance and efficacy of IVF than the fact that >1 x 10(6) babies have been born to infertile couples since its clinical introduction in 1978. Despite enormous advances regarding the technical aspects of the IVF procedure, the parents' contribution has virtually been ignored when considering aspects that influence(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the amount and timing of female and male alcohol use during IVF and GIFT affect reproductive endpoints. DESIGN Multicenter prospective study. SETTING Clinics in southern California. PATIENT(S) Two hundred twenty-one couples with female infertility. INTERVENTION(S) None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S) Egg retrieval,(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking by both male and female partners may play a significant role in the success rates of assisted reproductive technologies. The objective of this 5-year prospective study was to investigate the influence of cigarette smoking by the wife, husband, and couple at various time points (e.g. lifetime, week prior, or during the procedures) on(More)
BACKGROUND This study evaluated the timing and amount of caffeine intake by women and men undergoing IVF and gamete intra-Fallopian transfer (GIFT) on oocyte retrieval, sperm parameters, fertilization, multiple gestations, miscarriage, and live births. METHODS A prospective study of 221 couples was conducted in Southern California between 1993 and 1998.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether concerns specific to IVF/GIFT (i.e., side effects, surgery, anesthesia, not enough information, pain, recovery, finances, missing work, and live birth delivery) that were measured by the previously validated Concerns During Assisted Reproductive Technologies (CART) instrument are negatively associated with reproductive(More)
OBJECTIVES Infertile couples undergoing fertility treatments may experience stress and could benefit from psychological intervention. Expressive Writing Intervention (EWI) has shown promising results on various psychological outcomes, yet only one study has applied the method to infertility-related stress. Our aim was to assess feasibility and effectiveness(More)
The primary hypothesis of this study was that contraceptive methods that prevent exposure to sperm and seminal fluid (condoms, diaphragms, spermicides, withdrawal) are associated with an increased risk of developing preeclampsia during the subsequent pregnancy. A case-control study was conducted comparing the contraceptive and reproductive histories of 110(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and smoking during pregnancy; postnatal tobacco smoke exposure from the mother, father, live-in-adults, and day care providers; and postnatal smoke exposure from breast-feeding. DESIGN Case-control study. SETTING Five counties in Southern California. PARTICIPANTS A total(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to determine effects of male aging on sperm parameters, fertilization, pregnancy, and live birth rates among in vitro fertilization (IVF) or gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) couples. The impact of female age was also investigated. STUDY DESIGN Prospective study was made up of 221 IVF and GIFT couples. RESULTS(More)