Hillard M Lazarus

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BACKGROUND Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease with respect to presentation and clinical outcome. The prognostic value of recently identified somatic mutations has not been systematically evaluated in a phase 3 trial of treatment for AML. METHODS We performed a mutational analysis of 18 genes in 398 patients younger than 60 years of(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with neutropenia and persistent fever are often treated empirically with amphotericin B or liposomal amphotericin B to prevent invasive fungal infections. Antifungal triazoles offer a potentially safer and effective alternative. METHODS In a randomized, international, multicenter trial, we compared voriconazole, a new second-generation(More)
PURPOSE Multipotential mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are found in human bone marrow and are shown to secrete hematopoietic cytokines and support hematopoietic progenitors in vitro. We hypothesized that infusion of autologous MSCs after myeloablative therapy would facilitate engraftment by hematopoietic stem cells, and we investigated the feasibility,(More)
BACKGROUND Data regarding the outcome of cord-blood transplantation in adults are scant, despite the fact that these grafts are increasingly used in adults. METHODS We compared the outcomes of the transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells from unrelated donors in adults with leukemia who had received cord blood that was mismatched for one HLA antigen(More)
Patients with Hurler syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type-IH) and metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) develop significant skeletal and neurologic defects that limit their survival. Transplantation of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells results in partial correction of the clinical manifestations. We postulated that some of these defects may be corrected by(More)
BACKGROUND In young adults with acute myeloid leukemia, intensive chemotherapy during the initial remission improves the long-term outcome, but the role of bone marrow transplantation is uncertain. We compared high-dose cytarabine with autologous or allogeneic marrow transplantation during the first remission of acute myeloid leukemia. METHODS Previously(More)
An international collaboration was set up to prospectively evaluate the role of allogeneic transplantation for adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and compare autologous transplantation with standard chemotherapy. Patients received 2 phases of induction and, if in remission, were assigned to allogeneic transplantation if they had a compatible(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are found in a variety of tissues, including human bone marrow; secrete hematopoietic cytokines; support hematopoietic progenitors in vitro; and possess potent immunosuppressive properties. We hypothesized that cotransplantation of culture-expanded MSCs and hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from HLA-identical sibling donors after(More)
Defining conditioning regimen intensity has become a critical issue for the hemopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) community. In the present report we propose to define conditioning regimens in 3 categories: (1) myeloablative (MA) conditioning, (2) reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC), and (3) nonmyeloablative (NMA) conditioning. Assignment to these(More)
Prospective data on the value of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) in Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph(+)) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are limited. The UKALLXII/ECOG 2993 study evaluated the outcome of assigning alloHSCT with a sibling (sib) or matched unrelated donor (MUD) to patients younger than 55 years of age(More)