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Regulated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS)/reactive nitrogen species (RNS) adequately balanced by antioxidant systems is a prerequisite for the participation of these active substances in physiological processes, including insulin action. Yet, increasing evidence implicates ROS and RNS as negative regulators of insulin signaling, rendering them(More)
Digitalis-like compounds (DLC), normal constituents of animal tissues, are possible regulators of the Na+,K(+)-ATPase implicated in water and salt homeostasis. DLC are present in toad (Bufo viridis) tissues. Although DLC highest levels were found in toad skin, it was also detected in plasma and many internal organs. The abundant distribution and the(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is characterized by hyperfiltration and hypertrophy in experimental models of diabetes mellitus (DM). Several studies have demonstrated that the pathophysiologic and morphologic changes in DN are mediated by either an increase or decrease in renal nitric oxide (NO) production and/or activity. The goal of the present(More)
The inflammasome has been recently implicated in obesity-associated dys-metabolism. However, of its products, the specific role of IL-1β was clinically demonstrated to mediate only the pancreatic beta-cell demise, and in mice mainly the intra-hepatic manifestations of obesity. Yet, it remains largely unknown if IL-1β, a cytokine believed to mainly function(More)
In studies designed to examine the effects of the immune system, recordings of multi-unit electrical activity (MUA) in the central nervous system were made in the preoptic area/anterior hypothalamus (POA/AH) and paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of rats, following sheep red blood cell (SRBC) immunization. Peak increases in POA/AH MUA were observed on the fifth(More)
Protein S-nitrosylation is a reversible protein modification implicated in both physiological and pathophysiological regulation of protein function. In obesity, skeletal muscle insulin resistance is associated with increased S-nitrosylation of insulin-signaling proteins. However, whether adipose tissue is similarly affected in obesity and, if so, what are(More)
The present study was designed to elucidate the site of action of interleukin 1 (IL-1) modulation of the hypothalamic-hypophyseal-adrenal (HHA) axis. An intraperitoneal injection of recombinant human IL-1β (160 U/rat) significantly elevated serum levels of ACTH and corticosterone (CS). In rats with complete mediobasal hypothalamic deafferentation, the HHA(More)
Convulsions are common complications of shigellosis in children. Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), a stress neurohormone, has been implicated in the susceptibility of young children to seizures. We investigated the role of CRH in Shigella-related seizures. Pretreatment with Shigella dysenteriae sonicate enhanced mice response to pentylenetetrazole(More)
Injections of normal immunosuppressive protein (Nip) cause a significant decrease of hemagglutinin formation and plaque formation in rats immunized with sheep red blood cells. Nip added in vitro to human unbilical cord lymphocytes inhibits the B cell transformation caused by Epstein-Barr virus.
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