Hildegard Hafner-Giessauf

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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to analyse whether the insulin to glucose relationship following an intravenous glucose load in non-diabetic patients delivered during haemodialysis was affected by extracorporeal clearance and whether this relationship could be determined by an abridged sampling protocol. METHODS Studies were done during routine(More)
The benefit of high glucose concentrations in the dialysate remains under debate. The aim of this study was to analyze and to compare the acute insulin response using a common but high glucose concentration in the dialysate representing a parenteral mode of glucose administration to oral glucose administration in stable and fasting nondiabetic hemodialysis(More)
The aim of this study was to quantify intracorporeal clearance and disposal of glucose after the administration of a standardized glucose load during regular hemodialysis done in stable and non-diabetic patients and to account for effects of extracorporeal clearance. A standardized load of glucose was administered approximately 30 min after starting(More)
Venous needle dislodgement (VND) is a potentially fatal complication during hemodialysis (HD) treatment and the venous pressure monitor is the most widely used device for its detection. VND can only be detected by the venous sensor if the resulting pressure drop exceeds the difference between the actual venous pressure and the lower alarm limit. In clinical(More)
A method for monitoring hemodialysis based on quantitative infrared spectroscopic determination of the molecules dialyzed from patient blood is reported. The measurements are reagent-free and aim at real-time and in-line monitoring of the hemodialysis patient. A flow cell using attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy is coupled downstream of the(More)
Bacterial infection and sepsis are common complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD). A vicious cycle of increased gut permeability, endotoxemia, inadequate activation of the innate immune system and resulting innate immune dysfunction is hypothesized. We assessed endotoxemia, neutrophil function and its relation to oxidative stress, inflammation and gut(More)
All patients with advanced chronic kidney disease or on renal replacement therapy should receive active hepatitis B vaccination. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the association between the immune response to hepatitis B vaccination and all-cause, cardiovascular or infection-related mortality in incident dialysis patients(More)
BACKGROUND Renal transplantation has been shown to be the best therapeutic option in end-stage renal disease patients. En bloc transplantation of pediatric kidneys into adult recipients (EBKT) is one strategy to increase the donor pool. We here report on 10 to 22 years of follow-up (median of 12.8 years) of patients receiving EBKT in a single-center,(More)
It was the purpose to quantify the hemodynamic effects of a bolus of hypertonic glucose injected into the extracorporeal system in a group of stable and non-diabetic patients during hemodialysis (HD).Glucose and electrolytes were measured in frequent intervals. Arterial blood pressures and heart rates were continuously recorded by non-invasive vascular(More)
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