Hilde Irene Nebb

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The PAT family (originally named for Perilipin, ADFP and TIP47) now includes four members: Perilipins, ADFP, TIP47 and S3-12. Significant primary sequence homology and the ability to associate with lipid storage droplets (LSDs) are well conserved within this family and across species. In this study, we have characterized a novel PAT protein, lipid storage(More)
The liver X receptors (LXRs) are nuclear receptors that form permissive heterodimers with retinoid X receptor (RXR) and are important regulators of lipid metabolism in the liver. We have recently shown that RXR agonist-induced hypertriglyceridemia and hepatic steatosis in mice are dependent on LXRs and correlate with an LXR-dependent hepatic induction of(More)
In a systematic search for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) target genes, we identified S3-12 and perilipin as novel direct PPAR-gamma target genes. Together with adipophilin and tail-interacting protein of 47 kDa, these genes are lipid droplet-associating proteins with distinct expression pattern but overlapping expression in(More)
Dietary essential fatty acids linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid are converted to arachidonic-, eicosapentaenoic-, and docosahexaenoic acid under tight regulation by nutritional status and hormones. Hepatic fatty acid elongase 5 (Elovl5) elongates C18-20 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and is important for biosynthesis of C20-22 PUFAs. We(More)
The nuclear receptor liver X receptor (LXR) alpha, an important regulator of cholesterol and bile acid metabolism, was analyzed after insulin stimulation in liver in vitro and in vivo. A time- and dose-dependent increase in LXRalpha steady-state mRNA level was seen after insulin stimulation of primary rat hepatocytes in culture. A maximal induction of(More)
Post-translational modification of nucleocytoplasmic proteins by O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) has for the last 25 years emerged as an essential glucose-sensing mechanism. The liver X receptors (LXRs) function as nutritional sensors for cholesterol-regulating lipid metabolism, glucose homeostasis, and inflammation. LXRs are shown to be(More)
The insulin-responsive glucose transporter GLUT4 plays a crucial role in insulin-mediated facilitated glucose uptake into adipose tissue and muscle, and impaired expression of GLUT4 has been linked to obesity and diabetes. In this study, we demonstrate that liver X receptors (LXRs) regulate the expression of GLUT4 through direct interaction with a conserved(More)
Wnt signaling maintains preadipocytes in an undifferentiated state. When Wnt signaling is enforced, 3T3-L1 preadipocytes no longer undergo adipocyte conversion in response to adipogenic medium. Here we used microarray analyses to identify subsets of genes whose expression is aberrant when differentiation is blocked through enforced Wnt signaling.(More)
CONTEXT Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease in Western and non-Western countries, but its pathogenesis is not fully understood. OBJECTIVE Based on the role of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) in fat and glucose metabolism and cell survival, we hypothesized a role for NAMPT/visfatin in the pathogenesis of(More)
A group of polyunsaturated fatty acids called conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) are found in ruminant products, where the most common isomers are cis9, trans11 (c 9,t11) and trans10, cis12 (t10,c12) CLA. A crude mixture of these isomers has been shown in animal studies to alter body composition by a reduction in body fat mass as well as an increase in lean(More)