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With the availability of complete DNA sequences for many prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes, and soon for the human genome itself, it is important to develop reliable proteome-wide approaches for a better understanding of protein function. As elementary constituents of cellular protein complexes and pathways, protein-protein interactions are key(More)
The virulence of pathogenic bacteria is dependent on their adaptation to and survival in the stressful conditions encountered in their hosts. Helicobacter pylori exclusively colonizes the acid stomach of primates, making it an ideal study model. Little is known about how H. pylori responds to the moderately acidic conditions encountered at its colonization(More)
Nickel is an essential metal for Helicobacter pylori, as it is the co-factor of two enzymes crucial for colonization, urease and hydrogenase. Nickel is taken up by specific transporters and its intracellular homeostasis depends on nickel-binding proteins to avoid toxicity. Nickel trafficking is controlled by the Ni(II)-dependent transcriptional regulator(More)
TonB-dependent transport is a mechanism for active uptake across the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. The system promotes transport of rare nutrients and was thought to be restricted to iron complexes and vitamin B12. Recent experimental evidence of TonB-energized transport of nickel and different carbohydrates, in addition to bioinformatic-based(More)
The ptsH, ptsI, and crr genes, coding for three of the proteins of the phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent phosphotransferase system (PTS) (HPr, enzyme I, and enzyme IIIGlc, respectively) have been studied by determination of their nucleotide sequence and analysis of their expression. The three genes constitute an operon, but analysis of the ptsH, ptsI, and crr(More)
Fur, the ferric uptake regulator, is a transcription factor that controls iron metabolism in bacteria. Binding of ferrous iron to Fur triggers a conformational change that activates the protein for binding to specific DNA sequences named Fur boxes. In Helicobacter pylori, HpFur is involved in acid response and is important for gastric colonization in model(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a recently recognized bacterial pathogen associated with diverse pathologies of varying severity, such as chronic gastritis, peptic ulceration, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, and gastric carcinoma. We here present a review of our current knowledge on the properties of H. Pylori that adapt it to its particular niche(More)
We produced defined isogenic Helicobacter pylori ureI mutants to investigate the function of UreI, the product of one of the genes of the urease cluster. The insertion of a cat cassette had a strong polar effect on the expression of the downstream urease genes, resulting in very weak urease activity. Urease activity, measured in vitro, was normal in a(More)
In the human gastric bacterium Helicobacter pylori, two metalloenzymes, hydrogenase and urease, are essential for in vivo colonization, the latter being a major virulence factor. The UreA and UreB structural subunits of urease and UreG, one of the accessory proteins for Ni(2+) incorporation into apourease, were taken as baits for tandem affinity(More)
Huge amounts of genomic information are currently being generated. Therefore, biologists require structured, exhaustive and comparative databases. The PyloriGene database (http://genolist.pasteur.fr/PyloriGene) was developed to respond to these needs, by integrating and connecting the information generated during the sequencing of two distinct strains of(More)