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RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The authors intended to confirm previous findings that paramagnetic porphyrins are avid only for intratumoral nonviable tissues, but not for viable tumor cells, and to test the hypothesis that necrosis, regardless of location and origin, can be visualized by metalloporphyrin enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Gadophrin-2 is a new MRI contrast agent with high affinity for necrotic myocardium. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether noninvasive measurements of infarct size after thrombolysis are possible with gadophrin-2-enhanced MRI. METHODS AND RESULTS Coronary artery thrombosis was induced in 3 groups of dogs by the copper-coil technique.(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the absorbed organ dose and effective dose for a wide range of cone beam computed tomography scanners, using different exposure protocols and geometries. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two Alderson Radiation Therapy anthropomorphic phantoms were loaded with LiF detectors (TLD-100 and TLD-100 H) which were evenly distributed throughout the(More)
The clinical value of three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance (MR) angiography was prospectively evaluated in 26 patients with congenital intracranial vascular lesions; 12 had arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), and 14 had venous angiomas. In the initial phase of the study the entire region of interest was imaged with one large acquisition(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether the use of transaxial and coronal MR imaging improves the ability to localize the apex of the prostate and the anterior part of the rectum compared to the use of transaxial CT alone, and whether the incorporation of MR could improve the coverage of the prostate by the radiotherapy field and change the volume of rectum(More)
The aim of this study was to compare intracoronary (i.c.) administration of Gadophrin-2, a necrosis-avid contrast agent (NACA), and nonspecific agent Gd-DTPA for determination of myocardial viability (MV) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with MRI. Reperfused AMI was induced in 12 dogs by transcatheter balloon occlusion of coronary artery. In 6 dogs(More)
A review of modern imaging techniques commonly used in dental practice and their clinical applications is presented. The current dental examinations consist of intraoral imaging with digital indirect and direct receptors, while extraoral imaging is divided into traditional tomographic/panoramic imaging and the more recently introduced cone beam computed(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for monitoring tumor response in rats after administration of combretastatin A4 phosphate. MATERIALS AND METHODS Study protocol was approved by local ethical committee for animal care and use. Rhabdomyosarcomas implanted subcutaneously in both flanks of 17 rats were evaluated with(More)
BACKGROUND Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has emerged as an alternative for surgery in clinical oncology. This animal experiment was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of RFA in the treatment of pulmonary tumor. METHODS Eighteen rabbits with pulmonary implantation of VX2 tumors were divided into two groups. Group A (n = 12) was treated with RFA by using(More)
Patient doses for a few common fluoroscopy-guided procedures in interventional radiology (IR) (excluding cardiology) were collected from a few radiological departments in 13 European countries. The major aim was to evaluate patient doses for the basis of the reference levels. In total, data for 20 procedures for about 1300 patients were collected. There(More)