Hilda H. T. Au

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The dicistrovirus is a positive-strand single-stranded RNA virus that possesses two internal ribosome entry sites (IRES) that direct translation of distinct open reading frames encoding the viral structural and nonstructural proteins. Through an unusual mechanism, the intergenic region (IGR) IRES responsible for viral structural protein expression mimics a(More)
The dicistrovirus intergenic internal ribosome entry site (IGR IRES) directly recruits the ribosome and initiates translation using a non-AUG codon. A subset of IGR IRESs initiates translation in either of two overlapping open reading frames (ORFs), resulting in expression of the 0 frame viral structural polyprotein and an overlapping +1 frame ORFx. A U-G(More)
The dicistrovirus intergenic region internal ribosome entry site (IRES) adopts a triple-pseudoknotted RNA structure and occupies the core ribosomal E, P, and A sites to directly recruit the ribosome and initiate translation at a non-AUG codon. A subset of dicistrovirus IRESs directs translation in the 0 and +1 frames to produce the viral structural proteins(More)
The intergenic region internal ribosome entry site (IGR IRES) of the Dicistroviridae family adopts an overlapping triple pseudoknot structure to directly recruit the 80S ribosome in the absence of initiation factors. The pseudoknot I (PKI) domain of the IRES mimics a tRNA-like codon:anticodon interaction in the ribosomal P site to direct translation(More)
Viral genomes are compact and encode a limited number of proteins. Because they do not encode components of the translational machinery, viruses exhibit an absolute dependence on the host ribosome and factors for viral messenger RNA (mRNA) translation. In order to recruit the host ribosome, viruses have evolved unique strategies to either outcompete(More)
Dyskerin (encoded by the DKC1 locus) is the pseudouridine synthase responsible for the modification of noncoding RNA. Dyskerin is also an obligate member of the telomerase enzyme, and participates in the biogenesis of telomerase. Genetic lesions at the DKC1 locus are associated with X-linked dyskeratosis congenita (X-DC) and the Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson(More)
Internal ribosome entry sites are RNA elements that mediate translation in a cap-independent manner. A subset of positive strand RNA viruses utilize an IRES mechanism as a viral strategy to ensure efficient viral protein synthesis. IRES elements vary in sequence, structure, and factor requirements between virus families. Here, we describe methods to(More)
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