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An assay of water content and specific gravity in normal and pathological autopsy brain has been correlated with CCT attenuation values obtained just prior to brain cutting. Formalin fixation does not alter normal values so that fixed brain appears to be suitable for this type of study. Low attenuation values in CCT correlate better with changes in specific(More)
Centromedian thalamic nuclei (CM) epileptiform EEG activities were recorded in children with intractable generalized seizures of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) through implanted recording-stimulating electrodes used for seizure control. Ictal CM epileptiform activities were consistently correlated to widespread surface cortical EEG activities and symptoms in(More)
Hemodynamic monitoring was carried out in 9 newborn beagle puppies exposed to hypercarbic insult. 4 animals were exposed to slowly increasing carbon dioxide tensions without hypoxemia; 5 animals were exposed to rapid, intense increase in carbon dioxide tensions without hypoxemia. 2 of the 5 puppies (40%) exposed to the rapid hypercarbia developed(More)
A 46-year-old man had metastasis to the central tegmental tract of the pons with ipsilateral olivary hypertrophy. Although the phenomenon of palatal myochlonus has been repeatedly correlated with the finding of olivary hypertrophy, no palatal myoclonus was noted on repeated examinations. The clinical pathologic correlates and literature of similar cases are(More)
Seven children had congenitally small cerebella. Perinatal asphyxia was not a factor. Clinical signs in infancy were generalized muscular hypotonia, delayed development, truncal titubation, and intention tremor. Most had fixation nystagmus and esotropia. Three had seizures and an abnormal EEG. Pneumoencephalography in each case revealed a small cerebellum(More)
Primary amebic meningoencephalitis and granulomatous amebic encephalitis are well recognized clinicopathological entities caused by free-living amebas. Associated arteritis and “mycotic aneurysms” with infiltration of intracranial arteries by lymphocytes, amebic trophozoites and cysts have not been previously reported. A 26-month-old girl had a 3-week(More)
We correlated the radiologic and pathologic examination of 13 human brains, analyzing the size, different histologic elements, and water content in 40 ischemic and hemorrhagic infarcts. Acute infarcts appear in the computerized cranial tomographic (CT) image as low density areas due to high content of fluid, however, a histological-chemical correlation is(More)
A child with AB variant GM2 gangliosidosis who had progressive intellectual deterioration and seizures commencing at the age of 12 months is described. Neuronal loss, and neuronal and astrocytic inclusions characteristic of the gangliosidoses, were seen on cortical biopsy. GM2 ganglioside was detected in the CSF. As CNS ganglioside accumulation in this(More)
Three children are described who presented with the syndrome of spinal cord compression. They had intradural-extramedullary masses, which proved to be histologically benign cysts with characteristics similar to those found in the embryonic foregut. Emphasis is placed on the importance of early diagnosis and prompt surgical treatment of these congenital(More)