Hilbrand van de Belt

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Infections by bacteria are a serious complication following orthopedic implant surgery, that can usually only be cured by removing the implant, since the biofilm mode of growth of infecting bacteria on an implant surface protects the organisms from the host immune system and antibiotic therapy. Over the past few decades, attempts have been made to prevent(More)
In this study, the release of gentamicin as a function of time was measured for six different gentamicin-loaded bone cements and related with the surface roughness, porosity and wettability of the cements. Initial release rates varied little between the six bone cements (CMW1, CMW3, CMW Endurance, CMW 2000, Palacos, and Palamed) and ranged from 8.6 to 14.1(More)
In this in vitro study, the formation of a Staphylococcus aureus biofilm on six gentamicin-loaded bone cements (CMW1, CMW3, CMW Endurance, CMW2000, Palacos, and Palamed) was determined in a modified Robbins device over a 3 days time span and related with previously (Van de Belt et al., Biomaterials 21 (2000) 1981) measured kinetics of antibiotic release by(More)
In two-stage orthopaedic revision surgery, high local levels of antibiotics are achieved after removal of an infected prosthesis through temporary implantation of gentamicin-loaded beads. However, despite their antibiotic release, these beads act as a biomaterial surface to which bacteria preferentially adhere, grow and potentially develop antibiotic(More)
In infected joint arthroplasty, high local levels of antibiotics are achieved through temporary implantation of non-biodegradable gentamicin-loaded polymethylmethacrylate beads. Despite their antibiotic release, these beads act as a biomaterial surface to which bacteria preferentially adhere, grow and potentially develop antibiotic resistance. In routine(More)
We measured the formation of a Staphylococcus aureus biofilm in vitro on unloaded and gentamicin-loaded bone cements (CMW3 and Palacos R) and related the formation to antibiotic release rates. All experiments were done in triplicate. Microbial growth on gentamicin-loaded cements occurred despite the release of antibiotic. Biofilm formation on gentamicin(More)
We compared the release of gentamicin from 6 different commercially available, antibiotic-loaded PMMA bone cements used for vacuum- and hand-mixed cement using a Cemvac vacuum mixing system. We also measured the release of gentamicin after manual addition of the antibiotic to different commercial, unloaded bone cements after hand-mixing. The porosity of(More)
A review was made of 85 patients who received a second injection of chymopapain because of a recurrent disc herniation between 1980 and 1996. All patients were pretreated for 3 days with H1 and H2 receptor blockers. Immediate sensitivity reactions were not seen. Four Type 1 and one Type 2 reactions were seen after the the second injection. No other(More)
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