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Mercury-resistant bacteria isolated from the oral cavities of children carried one of two types of merA gene that appear to have evolved from a common ancestor. Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus mitis and a few other species had merA genes that were very similar to merA of Bacillus cereus strain RC607. Unlike the B. cereus RC607 merA gene, however, the(More)
The indigenous plasmid pIJ101 is the parent of many cloning vectors used in Streptomyces. One early pIJ101 derivative, pIJ702, has been particularly widely used. pIJ702 lacks sti:cop/korB and accumulates single-stranded DNA (ssDNA). The 1.2 kb BclI-BclI sti:cop/korB and 0.7 kb SpeI-BclI sti regions were isolated from pIJ101 and cloned into pIJ702 at the(More)
Acanthamoeba trophozoites attach to and effect amoeboid locomotion at the water-air interface of ponds. Their locomotory rate (approximately 0.8 microm s(-1)) and manner of independent movement at this interface is similar to that over solid substrata. Adhesion forces developed between amoebae and the water-air interface are greater than gravity and thus(More)
The incidence of trimethoprim resistance in enterobacteria causing infection in a London hospital increased from 5.6% in 1970 to 16% in 1979. The proportion of gentamicin-resistant aerobic Gram-negative bacilli had risen to 6.5% by 1979. During a 5-month period in 1977, during which no epidemic was recognized, all isolates resistant to either trimethoprim,(More)
Salmonella typhi in the bowel of a patient with enteric fever treated with chloramphenicol and later co-trimoxazole acquired resistance to these drugs. Chloramphenicol and sulphonamide resistances were determined by one plasmid, of IncH, whose carriage also changed the Vi phage type. Trimethoprim resistance was determined by a transposon, Tn7, carried in(More)