Hilary Llewellyn-Thomas

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BACKGROUND Decision aids prepare people to participate in decisions that involve weighing benefits, harms, and scientific uncertainty. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of decision aids for people facing treatment or screening decisions. SEARCH STRATEGY For this update, we searched from January 2006 to December 2009 in MEDLINE (Ovid); Cochrane(More)
The purpose of this study was to explore O'Connor's four factors contributing to mothers' uncertainty concerning gastrostomy tube (G-tube) insertion in their children (lack of information; unclear value trade-offs; lack of support; social pressure) in a substitute decision-making context. Fifty mothers participated in one semi-structured interview at the(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a set of quality criteria for patient decision support technologies (decision aids). DESIGN AND SETTING Two stage web based Delphi process using online rating process to enable international collaboration. PARTICIPANTS Individuals from four stakeholder groups (researchers, practitioners, patients, policy makers) representing 14(More)
Shared decision making is the process of interacting with patients in arriving at informed values-based choices when options have features that patients value differently. Patient decision aids (PtDAs) are evidence-based tools designed to facilitate that process. Numerous randomized trials indicate that PtDAs improve decision quality and prevent overuse of(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine attitudes toward the duration of survival in different health states. Health professionals were asked to consider hypothetical situations in which a specified period of time would be spent in a defined health state. Preferences for these different situations were assessed using two methods--a Preference Questionnaire(More)
The standard gamble, derived from decision theory, is considered a criterion method for obtaining patients' values for different health states. In this method, a rater's value for a health state is obtained by determining, in a hypothetical setting, his readiness to remain in that state or take a risky choice with different outcomes of known value.(More)
The purpose of this study was to describe the life-sustaining treatment preferences of dialysis patients and to compare the acceptability of two generic and a disease-specific advance directive (AD). Of 532 potentially eligible hemodialysis patients, 95 (17.9%) participated in the study. These patients completed two generic (the Centre for Bioethics Living(More)
In health status index construction quantitative values for different states of health are frequently obtained by presenting written descriptions to raters whose values are elicited using one or more methods. In this study the authors examined the influence of several aspects of this measurement process upon the quantitative results obtained. They prepared(More)
In 2003, the International Patient Decision Aid Standards (IPDAS) Collaboration was established to enhance the quality and effectiveness of patient decision aids by establishing an evidence-informed framework for improving their content, development, implementation, and evaluation. Over this 10 year period, the Collaboration has established: a) the(More)
The following is a summary report from a special symposium titled, "Translating Research into Practice: Setting a Research Agenda for Clinical Decision Tools in Cancer Prevention, Early Detection, and Treatment," that was held on 23 October 2005 in San Francisco at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Medical Decision Making (SMDM). The symposium was(More)