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Nitrogen (N) is an essential macronutrient for plants. N levels in soil vary widely, and plants have developed strategies to cope with N deficiency. However, the regulation of these adaptive responses and the coordinating signals that underlie them are still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to characterize N starvation in adult Arabidopsis(More)
The development and use of HPLC-MS for the study of metabonomics is reviewed. To date the technique has been applied to the analysis of urine samples obtained from studies in rodents in investigations of physiological variation (e.g., factors such as strain, gender, diurnal variation, etc.) and toxicity. Examples are provided of the use of conventional(More)
Metabonomic/metabolomic studies can involve the analysis of large numbers of samples for the detection of biomarkers and confidence in the analytical data, generated by methods such as GC and HPLC-MS, requires active measures on the part of the analyst. However, quality control for complex multi-component samples such as biofluids, where many of the(More)
The mobilization of triacylglycerides from storage in adipocytes to the liver is a vital response to the fasting state in mammalian metabolism. This is accompanied by a rapid translational activation of genes encoding mitochondrial, microsomal, and peroxisomal beta-oxidation in the liver, in part under the regulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated(More)
LC-MS-MS is becoming a very important tool for the on-line identification of natural products in crude plant extracts. For an efficient use of this technique in the dereplication of natural products, a careful study of the parameters used to generate informative MS-MS spectra is needed. In this paper, the collision-induced dissociation (CID) MS-MS spectra(More)
A mass spectrometry based high throughput approach was employed to profile white and gray matter lipid levels in the prefrontal cortex (Brodmann area 9) of 45 subjects including 15 schizophrenia and 15 bipolar disorder patients as well as 15 controls samples. We found statistically significant alterations in levels of free fatty acids and(More)
Plasma obtained from three strains of Zucker rats was analysed using capillary gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) to obtain global metabolite profiles as part of a series of metabonomic investigations of animal models of diabetes. Samples were obtained from 20-week-old male wild-type Zucker lean, (fa/fa) obese and lean/(fa) animals and were(More)
The metabolic fate of 4-bromoaniline (4-BrA) was investigated following intraperitoneal administration to the rat at 50 mg kg(-1), using high-performance liquid chromatography/time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/TOF-MS/MS). Up to five metabolites were detected in urine that correspond to isomeric pentose conjugates (possibly ribosides) of a(More)
Cannabis consumption is a well known risk factor for the onset of schizophrenia and evidence accumulates that the endocannabinoid system may play a central role in the disease etiology. Using a clinical bioinformatics approach, we have previously found primary fatty acid amides, which are linked to the endocannabinoid system, to be elevated in drug naive(More)
Human hepatopathies are a diagnostic challenge, with many distinct diseases having similar clinical signs and laboratory findings. Naturally occurring canine hepatic disease provides an excellent model for human diseases and similar diagnostic dilemmas exist; differentiating canine congenital portosystemic vascular anomalies (PVA) from acquired(More)