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  • Series Editors, H J B Birks, +20 authors Connor Savannah
  • 2009
Maps of species distributions or habitat suitability are required for many aspects of environmental research, resource management, and conservation planning. These include biodiversity assessment, reserve design, habitat management, and restoration, species and habitat conservation plans and predicting the effects of environmental change on species and(More)
(1993). Weighted averaging partial least squares regression (WA-PLS): definition and comparison with other methods for species-environment calibration. ABSTRACT A multivariate calibration method is proposed that relates to correspondence analysis as partial least squares (PLS) relates to principal components analysis. The new method extends and improves the(More)
Fifty-five paleolimnological records from lakes in the circumpolar Arctic reveal widespread species changes and ecological reorganizations in algae and invertebrate communities since approximately anno Domini 1850. The remoteness of these sites, coupled with the ecological characteristics of taxa involved, indicate that changes are primarily driven by(More)
A computer program for reconstructing environmental variables (e.g. lake-water pH) from fossil assemblages (e.g. diatoms) by weighted averaging regression and calibration is described. The estimation of sample-specific errors of prediction by bootstrapping is outlined. The program runs on IBM-compatible personal computers.
Ecosystems change in response to factors such as climate variability, invasions, and wildfires. Most records used to assess such change are based on short-term ecological data or satellite imagery spanning only a few decades. In many instances it is impossible to disentangle natural variability from other, potentially significant trends in these records,(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o Stratigraphic boundaries are ideally defined by distinct lithological, geochemical, and palaeobiological signatures , to which a chronological framework can be applied. We present a range of observations that illustrate how the Holocene–Anthropocene transition meets these criteria in its expression in sediments from remote arctic and(More)
In contrast with macroorganisms, whose geographical ranges are typically restricted, many microbial species appear to have cosmopolitan distributions. This observation has been explained as a consequence of ubiquitous dispersal caused by the enormous population sizes of microbial species. Recently, this "everything is everywhere, but, the environment(More)
Estimates of the radiocarbon age of seawater are required in correlations between marine and terrestrial records of the late Quaternary climate. We radiocarbon-dated marine shells and terrestrial plant remains deposited in two bays on Norway's west coast between 11,000 and 14,000 years ago, a time of large and abrupt climatic changes that included the(More)
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A synthesis of well-dated high-resolution pollen records suggests a spatial structure in the 8200 cal yr BP event in northern Europe. The temperate, thermophilous tree taxa, especially Corylus, Ulmus, and Alnus, decline abruptly between 8300 and 8000 cal yr BP at most sites located south of 61 • N, whereas there is no clear change in pollen values at the(More)