Hilary F. Armstrong

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Individuals with schizophrenia display substantial neurocognitive deficits for which available treatments offer only limited benefits. Yet, findings from studies of animals, clinical and nonclinical populations have linked neurocognitive improvements to increases in aerobic fitness (AF) via aerobic exercise training (AE). Such improvements have been(More)
Previous reports indicate that among healthy individuals low aerobic fitness (AF) and high body-mass index (BMI) predict poor neurocognition and daily-functioning. It is unknown whether these associations extend to disorders characterized by poor neurocognition, such as schizophrenia. Therefore, we compared AF and BMI in individuals with schizophrenia and(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare simultaneous measurements of tidal volume (Vt) by optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) and spirometry during a maximal cycling exercise test to quantify possible differences between methods. Vt measured simultaneously by OEP and spirometry was collected during a maximal exercise test in thirty healthy participants.(More)
BACKGROUND Detailed description of functional exercise outcomes before and after lung transplantation is lacking. The objective of this study was to describe and compare posttransplant improvement in lung function and peak exercise parameters in patients with advanced lung disease. METHODS The study included 153 patients who underwent lung transplantation(More)
BACKGROUND Skeletal muscle dysfunction and exercise intolerance are clinical hallmarks of patients with heart failure. These have been linked to a progressive catabolic state, skeletal muscle inflammation, and impaired oxidative metabolism. Previous studies suggest beneficial effects of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and glutamine on exercise performance(More)
Reduced baroreceptor sensitivity (BRS) results in changes in autonomic modulation. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may have altered BRS. Therefore, we compared BRS between COPD patients and normal controls. We compared 14 COPD patients [mean (±SD) age, 62 ± 8 years] to 14 healthy controls [mean (±SD) age, 59 ± 6 years] for the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a known complication in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD). Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is an essential tool for the assessment of patients with cardiac and pulmonary diseases due to its prognostic and therapeutic implications. Few studies have evaluated the relationship between(More)
To determine how increased ventilatory demand impacts ventilatory kinematics, we compared the total chest wall volume variations (V(CW)) of male and female endurance-trained athletes (ET) to untrained individuals (UT) during exercise. We hypothesized that training and gender would have an effect on V(CW) and kinematics at maximal exercise. Gender and(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in interstitial lung disease (ILD). Since cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is useful in understanding the pathophysiology of respiratory disorders and can distinguish between ventilation and perfusion (V/Q) defects, it may have a role in the detection of PH in ILD. We evaluated whether CPET can detect(More)