Hilary F Armstrong

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The purpose of this study was to compare simultaneous measurements of tidal volume (Vt) by optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) and spirometry during a maximal cycling exercise test to quantify possible differences between methods. Vt measured simultaneously by OEP and spirometry was collected during a maximal exercise test in thirty healthy participants.(More)
Previous reports indicate that among healthy individuals low aerobic fitness (AF) and high body-mass index (BMI) predict poor neurocognition and daily-functioning. It is unknown whether these associations extend to disorders characterized by poor neurocognition, such as schizophrenia. Therefore, we compared AF and BMI in individuals with schizophrenia and(More)
OBJECTIVE Active-play video games have been used to enhance aerobic fitness in various clinical populations, but their use among individuals with schizophrenia has been limited. METHODS Feasibility, acceptability, safety, and adherence data were obtained for use of aerobic exercise (AE) equipment by 16 individuals with schizophrenia during a 12-week AE(More)
Impaired ventilation on cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) is seen in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, evaluation of the differences of abnormal gas exchange in COPD according to GOLD severity criteria is limited. A retrospective review was performed on all COPD patients referred for CPET at our center between 1998 and(More)
We evaluated the prevalence of chronotropic incompetence (CI), a marker of autonomic dysfunction, and its prognostic value in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We performed a retrospective analysis of 449 patients with severe COPD who underwent a cardiopulmonary exercise test, after excluding patients with lung volume reduction(More)
BACKGROUND Skeletal muscle dysfunction and exercise intolerance are clinical hallmarks of patients with heart failure. These have been linked to a progressive catabolic state, skeletal muscle inflammation, and impaired oxidative metabolism. Previous studies suggest beneficial effects of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and glutamine on exercise performance(More)
To determine how increased ventilatory demand impacts ventilatory kinematics, we compared the total chest wall volume variations (V(CW)) of male and female endurance-trained athletes (ET) to untrained individuals (UT) during exercise. We hypothesized that training and gender would have an effect on V(CW) and kinematics at maximal exercise. Gender and(More)
Exercise performance during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a predictor of all-cause mortality in the general population and in patients with coronary heart disease. Mortality beyond one-year after lung transplantation (LTx) is due to multiple causes, is difficult to predict, and has not been fully evaluated in LTx recipients. We hypothesized(More)
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