Hilary E Watt

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Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is an enzyme that produces nitric oxide (NO) and is thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). The extent of iNOS expression was examined using laser scanning confocal microscopy of 13 chronic active plaques from seven MS patients displaying both acute demyelination and active inflammation.(More)
We examined whether treatment with daclizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody specific for the interleukin-2 receptor alpha chain, was safe and efficacious in relapsing-remitting and secondary progressive multiple sclerosis patients. Nineteen ambulatory patients with clinically active disease were treated for 5 to 25 months. Seventeen patients were not(More)
OBJECTIVE Daclizumab is an interleukin 2 receptor alpha chain specific humanized monoclonal antibody that has shown promising therapeutic effects in multiple sclerosis (MS). Daclizumab treatment in patients with relapsing and remitting MS was administered to determine effects on MRI and clinical outcomes. METHODS Patients with MS on interferon (IFN)(More)
OBJECTIVE This study, part of a continuing effort to understand the pathophysiology of the brain in early-onset anorexia nervosa, attempts to validate findings from an earlier study of regional cerebral blood flow and to correlate any abnormalities in blood flow with eating disorder psychopathology. METHOD Fifteen newly referred children and adolescents(More)
Low level radio-frequency (RF) signals may produce disorientation, headache and nausea. This double blind study tested nine case-subjects, who complained of various symptoms after prolonged mobile telephone use and 21 control subjects. Each subject underwent a series of trials, in which a dummy mobile telephone exposure system was held to each ear for 30(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive immune-mediated disease characterized by the loss of the oligodendrocytes that constitute the myelin sheath. Recent reports show that glutamate-mediated excitotoxic death of oligodendrocytes contributes to pathogenesis in demyelinating disease. A link between the immune-mediated inflammatory response and(More)
OBJECTIVE The risk of stroke in patients with recently symptomatic carotid stenosis is considerably higher than in patients with asymptomatic stenosis. In the present study it was hypothesised that excessive platelet activation might partly contribute to this difference. METHODS A full blood count was done and whole blood flow cytometry used to measure(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 influences the frequency of Alzheimer-type pathologic features in tauopathies, synucleinopathies, and frontotemporal degeneration and to determine if the frequency of Alzheimer-type pathologic features in synucleinopathies is similar to the frequency of such features in tauopathies and frontotemporal(More)
PURPOSE Detrusor hyperreflexia is a common finding in patients with neurological disease involving the spinal cord. In animal models it has been attributed to an emergent reflex mediated mostly by unmyelinated C-fibers. We describe and measure ultrastructural features of these nerves in the lamina propria in healthy subjects and patients with detrusor(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to determine whether a 3-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol combining carotid atherosclerotic plaque and brain imaging can identify features of high-risk acutely symptomatic plaque that correlate with brain injury. BACKGROUND It has previously been demonstrated that, in asymptomatic patients, MRI can identify(More)