Hilary A. Seifert

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Delayed neuronal death associated with stroke has been increasingly linked to the immune response to the injury. Splenectomy prior to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) is neuroprotective and significantly reduces neuroinflammation. The present study investigated whether splenic signaling occurs through interferon gamma (IFNγ). IFNγ was elevated early(More)
Despite extensive research into stroke pathology, there have not been any major recent advancements in stroke therapeutics. Animal models of cerebral ischemia and clinical data have been used to investigate the progressive neural injury that occurs after an initial ischemic insult. This has lead researchers to focus more on the peripheral immune response(More)
The splenic response to stroke is a proinflammatory reaction to ischemic injury resulting in expanded neurodegeneration. Splenectomy reduces neural injury in rodent models of hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke, however the exact nature of this response has yet to be fully understood. This study examines the migration of splenocytes after brain ischemia(More)
Human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) cells have shown efficacy in rodent models of focal ischemia and in vitro systems that recapitulate stroke conditions. One potential mechanism of protection is through secretion of soluble factors that protect neurons and oligodendrocytes (OLs) from oxidative stress. To overcome practical issues with cellular therapies,(More)
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) exhibit a threefold higher risk for development of systemic thrombosis than the general population. Although the underlying causes of the increased risk for thrombus development remain poorly understood, there is a large body of evidence suggesting that abnormalities in coagulation, fibrinolysis, and platelet(More)
OBJECTIVE While transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a well-known harbinger of ischemic stroke, the mechanisms that link TIA to subsequent strokes remain poorly understood. The overall aim of this study was to determine whether: 1) brief periods of transient cerebral ischemia render this tissue more vulnerable to thrombus development and 2) antiplatelet(More)
Bei verschiedenen Hirntumoren wurde mit Hilfe zweidimensionaler Dünnschichtchromatographie ein Gangliosid vermehrt gefunden, das in normalem Hirn nur in Spuren vorkommt. Es ist chemisch eng verwandt mit einem schon früher aus Meningiomen isolierten Gangliosid, von dem es sich nur dadurch unterscheidet, daß es ein Molekül N-Acetylneuraminsäure zusätzlich(More)
Autoimmune diseases including multiple sclerosis predominantly affect females. Although high levels of sex hormones, particularly estrogen (E2), can reduce proinflammatory immune responses, it remains unclear if a lack of endogenous sex hormones might affect treatment with exogenous sex hormones. Pretreatment with E2 almost completely prevents intact female(More)
Sex hormones promote immunoregulatory effects on multiple sclerosis. In the current study we evaluated the composition of the gut microbiota and the mucosal-associated regulatory cells in estrogen or sham treated female mice before and after autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) induction. Treatment with pregnancy levels of estrogen induces changes in the(More)
Plasmid-mediated AmpC-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae have been associated with poor clinical outcomes, but they are not readily identified in hospital microbiology laboratories. We tested 753 gram-negative bloodstream isolates for AmpC by using the EDTA disk test and the modified Hodge test (n = 172) and the modified Hodge test alone(More)