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H+-ATPases are ubiquitous in nature; V-ATPases pump protons against an electrochemical gradient, whereas F-ATPases reverse the process, synthesizing ATP. We demonstrate here that mutations in ATP6B1, encoding the B-subunit of the apical proton pump mediating distal nephron acid secretion, cause distal renal tubular acidosis, a condition characterized by(More)
Autosomal recessive distal renal tubular acidosis (rdRTA) is characterised by severe hyperchloraemic metabolic acidosis in childhood, hypokalaemia, decreased urinary calcium solubility, and impaired bone physiology and growth. Two types of rdRTA have been differentiated by the presence or absence of sensorineural hearing loss, but appear otherwise(More)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationships between serum free fatty acids (FFA) and zinc, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Forty eight children with ADHD (33 boys, 15 girls) were included in the patient group and 45 healthy volunteer children (30 boys, 15 girls) constituted the control group. The mean serum FFA level in(More)
Between 1985 and 1987 102 children, age 0-14 years, presented with a first acute symptomatic E. coli urinary tract infection. Investigations included early 99mtechnetium dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan (which was performed at a median of 27 days), ultrasonography, micturating cysto-urethrography and indirect voiding radionuclide cystography using 99mTc(More)
To evaluate the prognosis of breath holding spells (BHS) after iron treatment, 91 children (56 boys, 35 girls) aged between 6 months and 40 months (median, 17) were followed prospectively for a median of 45 months (range, 6-89). In 49 of the children, the frequency of BHS was less than 10 each month, in 22 it was 10-30 each month, and in 20 more than 30(More)
The rare bone thickening disease osteopetrosis occurs in various forms, one of which is accompanied by renal tubular acidosis (RTA), and is known as Guibaud-Vainsel syndrome or marble brain disease. Clinical manifestations of this autosomal recessive syndrome comprise increased bone density, growth failure, intracerebral calcification, facial dysmorphism,(More)
Cutaneous hemangiomas are the most common tumors of infants and children. Although they frequently resolve spontaneously, approximately 5% produce complications such as bleeding, infection, consumption coagulopathy and unesthetic appearance. Various methods of treatment are described for these complicated hemangiomas. We used a new type of treatment for(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the response of serum interleukin-1 (IL-1) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) to infection of malnourished patients. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Paediatric clinics of Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Medicine, Trabzon, Turkey. SUBJECTS 13 protein-depleted (kwashiorkor(More)