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The growth of Streptococcus bovis JB1 was initially inhibited by nisin (1 microM), and nisin caused a more than 3-log decrease in viability. However, some of the cells survived, and these nisin-resistant cells grew as rapidly as untreated ones. To see if the nisin resistance was merely a selection, nisin-sensitive cells were obtained from agar plates(More)
Previous work indicated that Streptococcus bovis HC5 had significant antibacterial activity, and even nisin-resistant S. bovis JB1 cells could be strongly inhibited. S. bovis HC5 inhibited a variety of Gram-positive bacteria and the spectrum of activity was similar to monensin, a commonly used feed additive. The crude extracts (ammonium sulfate(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the stability and host specificity of a cow's ruminal bacterial community following massive challenge with ruminal microflora from another cow. In each of 2 experiments, 1 pair of cows was selected on the basis of differences in ruminal bacterial community composition (BCC), determined by automated ribosomal(More)
AIMS To test the effect of bovicin HC5 against vegetative cells and endospores of Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris DSMZ 2498 in synthetic media and in acidic mango pulp. METHODS AND RESULTS Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris was grown in synthetic medium at 40 degrees C and pH 4.0. The effect on vegetative cells was assayed by adding bovicin HC5 to(More)
Streptococcus bovis HC5 inhibits a variety of S. bovis strains and other Gram-positive bacteria, but factors affecting this activity had not been defined. Batch culture studies indicated that S. bovis HC5 did not inhibit S. bovis JB1 (a non-bacteriocin-producing strain) until glucose was depleted and cells were entering stationary phase, but(More)
AIMS To compare the action of nisin and bovicin HC5 in combination with EDTA on Salmonella Typhimurium under different environmental conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS Salmonella Typhimurium was treated in BHI broth containing EDTA (1·5 mmol l(-1)) and nisin or bovicin HC5 (200 AU ml(-1)) under different pH and temperature conditions, and according to a(More)
Beef cattle have been fed ionophores and other antibiotics for more than 20 years to decrease ruminal fermentation losses (e.g methane and ammonia) and increase feed efficiency, and these improvements have been explained by an inhibition of gram-positive ruminal bacteria. Ionophores are not used to treat human disease, but there has been an increased(More)
Bovine mastitis is the primary disease of dairy cattle worldwide and it causes large economic losses. Among several microorganisms that are the causative agents of this disease, Staphylococcus aureus is the most prevalent. Although antibiotic therapy is still the most widely used procedure for the treatment of bovine mastitis, alternative means of treatment(More)
The objective of this study was to detect the presence of acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs), signal molecules of the quorum sensing system in biofilm formed by Hafnia alvei strains. It also evaluated the effect of synthetic quorum sensing inhibitors in biofilm formation. AHLs were assayed using well diffusion techniques, thin layer chromatography (TLC) and(More)
Streptococcus bovis HC5 produces a broad spectrum lantibiotic (bovicin HC5) that inhibits pure cultures of hyper ammonia-producing bacteria (HAB). Experiments were preformed to see if: (1) S. bovis HC5 cells could inhibit the deamination of amino acids by mixed ruminal bacteria taken directly from a cow, (2) semi-purified bovicin was as effective as S.(More)