Hikmet Feyza Nural

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Longitudinal axons transmit all signals between the brain and spinal cord. Their axon tracts through the brain stem are established by a simple set of pioneer axons with precise trajectories parallel to the floor plate. To identify longitudinal guidance mechanisms in vivo, the overall role of floor plate tissue and the specific roles of Slit/Robo signals(More)
The enzyme β-secretase (BACE1) is essentially involved in the production of cerebral amyloidogenic pathology in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The measurement of BACE1 activity in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been reported, which may render CSF measurement of BACE1 a potential biomarker candidate of AD. In order to investigate whether BACE1 protein activity is(More)
During early vertebrate forebrain development, pioneer axons establish a symmetrical scaffold descending longitudinally through the rostral forebrain, thus forming the tract of the postoptic commissure (TPOC). In mouse embryos, this tract begins to appear at embryonic day 9.5 (E9.5) as a bundle of axons tightly constrained at a specific dorsoventral level.(More)
We have characterized a system of early neurons that establish the first two major longitudinal tracts in the embryonic mouse forebrain. Axon tracers and antibody labels were used to map the axon projections in the thalamus from embryonic days 9.0-12, revealing several distinct neuron populations that contributed to the first tracts. Each of the early axon(More)
Robo1 is a member of the Roundabout (Robo) family of receptors for the Slit axon guidance cues. In mice (and humans), the Robo1 locus has alternative promoters producing two transcript isoforms, Robo1 and Dutt1. These isoforms have unique 5' termini, predicted to encode distinct N-terminal amino acids, but share the rest of their 3' exons. To determine the(More)
Longitudinal axons grow long distances along precise pathways to connect major CNS regions. However, during embryonic development, it remains largely undefined how the first longitudinal axons choose specific positions and grow along them. Here, we review recent evidence identifying a critical role for Slit/Robo signals to guide pioneer longitudinal axons(More)
The PARK7 gene encodes a protein, DJ-1, with several functions such as protection of cells from oxidative stress, sperm maturation and fertilization, and chaperone activity. Mutations in the PARK7 gene are associated with autosomal recessive early-onset Parkinson's disease (PD). DJ-1 has been reported to be expressed in multiple cells in the central nerve(More)
The aspartyl protease BACE1 is the rate limiting enzyme in the synthesis of amyloid beta, which accumulation in the human brain is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). BACE1 has been proposed as a surrogate marker of AD; however, very few BACE1 immunoassays have been reported. In the present study we have screened ten BACE1 antibodies by Western blot and(More)
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