Hikaru Okamoto

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Using glycerinated spasmoneme of giant Zoothamnium sp., the physical properties of spasmoneme before and after Ca2+-induced contraction (pCa 4.5) were investigated. The volume change of spasmoneme contraction was measured under zero tension. The length and diameter decreased by about 50% of their initial value as a result of contraction, which means that(More)
The principle of an on-line preconcentration method for capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) named electrokinetic supercharging (EKS), is described and based on computer simulation the preconcentration behavior of the method is discussed. EKS is an electrokinetic injection method with transient isotachophoretic process, is a powerful preconcentration(More)
The determination of cationic constituents of sweat is widely recognized as a difficult analytical task due to its complex composition and minute sample volumes available for the individual analysis. Capillary electrophoresis (CE) has been evaluated as a simple routine method to measure sweat metal cations, biogenic amines, and amino acids using a sampling(More)
The applicability of capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) to ions having relatively low natural occurrences in sea water is limited by method's relatively poor concentration detection sensitivity. A combination of CZE with indirect UV detection and transient isotachophoresis (tITP) pre-concentration was developed to evolve the CZE practical utility towards(More)
Concentrations of inorganic anions, both as individual species and biotransformation products, in physiological fluids are of strong concern in clinical studies. To date, analytical methodologies have either required different analytical procedures to determine these analytes in plasma and urine, or extensive sample preparation, or unconventional and often(More)
The dynamic behavior of a bunched one-dimensional crystalline beam is studied theoretically. It is shown that, owing to the existence of momentum dispersion, a Coulomb chain traveling in a storage ring performs a complex periodic oscillation whenever it is exposed to a longitudinal radio-frequency force. The equations of motion are derived to predict the(More)
When field-enhanced sample stacking was used in capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) analysis of cations, the decrease of migration time and the reduction of separation window was observed with increase of sample plug length. A simple equation expressing the migration velocity in the stacking process was derived to explain the above phenomenon. From(More)
Operational modes for transient isotachophoretic preconcentration capillary zone electrophoresis (tr-ITP-CZE) were studied by using 5 microM and 0.5 microM rare earth mixtures as analytes in comparison with field-enhanced sample stacking. After examination of several operational modes for tr-ITP, it was found that tr-ITP effectively occured even if both the(More)
The two-particle model, first introduced by Hasse, is employed to predict the beam temperature at which a one-dimensional ordered state of ions will be established in a cooler storage ring. The proposed state does not have the ions (in the beam frame) at rest, but simply has them not passing each other; i.e., remaining in the same (ordered) sequence. The(More)