Hikaru Kitani

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The release of histamine by allergen and anti-IgE from whole blood was observed in 34 asthmatic subjects with a positive skin test to house dust. The time course of histamine release showed that the release by allergen and anti-IgE peaked after 15 min incubation. There was no significant difference in the time course of the release from whole blood between(More)
The cellular composition of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid was observed in 28 patients with house dust mite-sensitive asthma. The proportion of neutrophils in the BAL fluid was significantly higher in the patients between the ages of 50 and 59 and those over 60 than in the patients younger than age 39. There was a significant difference in the number of(More)
The proportion of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and the release of chemical mediators from BAL and peripheral blood cells were examined in 40 patients with steroid-dependent intractable asthma (SDIA) to clarify the effects of a long-term glucocorticoid regimen on these cells. The proportion of BAL lymphocytes was significantly(More)
Asthma classification by clinical symptoms and signs (clinical diagnosis) was compared with the classification by score calculated from clinical findings and examinations (score diagnosis) in 25 patients with bronchial asthma. 1. Ten subjects classified as Ia (simple bronchoconstriction type) by clinical diagnosis were divided into 6 cases with(More)
The various components making for severe intractable asthma were clinically and allergo-immunologically studied in 90 patients with bronchial asthma, by comparison between early onset and late onset groups. 1. In the early onset asthma group, cases with low serum IgE levels showed a stronger tendency toward severe intractable asthma. 2. Late onset asthma(More)
Pathophysiological changes in the airways with aging were examined in 78 patients with bronchial asthma. The FEV1.0% values in patients over the age of 71, and the %MMF, %V50 and %V25 values in those over 51 were significantly lower than those of patients between the ages of 10 and 30. The frequency of lymphocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid was(More)
Cellular responses in the airways of bronchial asthma, which might be affected with aging, were compared between 28 elderly (60 years old or more) and 28 younger (40 years old or less) patients with bronchial asthma. The cellular responses were observed to differentiate 500 cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), excluding epithelial cells. The(More)
The clinical features of four asthma types, Ia-1 (bronchospasm with 0-49 ml/day of expectoration), Ia-2 (with 50-99 ml/day), Ib (over 100 ml/day), and II (bronchiolar obstruction), as classified by the clinical symptoms, were compared in 119 patients with bronchial asthma. The age of onset characteristic symptoms of each asthma type was in the 20's in types(More)
Changes of basophil reactivity to housedust extract and anti-IgE during immunotherapy was examined in thirteen patients with bronchial asthma sensitive to housedust. (i) A significant decrease in the morphological reactivity of basophils to housedust extract was observed 6 months after the beginning of immunotherapy with the antigen, and a significant(More)