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In the present study, we examined the effects of olanzapine on plasma levels of catecholamine metabolites, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, and cytokines (interleukin-2, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha) using 32 olanzapine-treated schizophrenic patients and age and sex-matched 55 healthy individuals. Treatment with olanzapine for 8 weeks(More)
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is effective for patients with antidepressant medication-resistant depression. However, the mechanisms of ECT's effectiveness for treating depression are not fully understood. We therefore investigated ECT's effects on blood levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), catecholamine metabolites, and nitric oxide (NO)(More)
The levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are significantly decreased in patients with schizophrenia and correlate with impairments in cognitive function. However, no study has investigated the relationship between the serum BDNF levels and decision-making. We compared patients with schizophrenia to healthy controls with respect to their(More)
Synapsins are synaptic vesicle-associated phosphoproteins and are thought to play crucial roles in synaptogenesis and neurotransmitter release. Synaptic abnormalities have been reported in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. In addition, the synapsin III gene, a member of the synapsin gene family, has been located at 22q12-13, which has been suggested as(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important member of the neurotrophin family of growth factors, abundant in the brain and periphery. Researchers have reported that serum BDNF levels in drug-free depressed patients are lower than those of healthy controls, and have proposed that these low levels might reflect a failure of neuronal plasticity in(More)
Only two-thirds of depressive patients respond to antidepressant treatment. Recently, addition of an atypical antipsychotic drug to ongoing treatment with an antidepressant has been considered effective and well-tolerated. In the present study, we examined the effects of various atypical antipsychotic drugs as adjuvant to antidepressants, including(More)
In the present study, we longitudinally investigated the effects of risperidone, olanzapine, and aripiprazole on plasma levels of catecholamine metabolites and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in first-episode unmedicated schizophrenic patients. The subjects were 59 Japanese schizophrenic patients (35 males and 24 females; age range: 18-46 years;(More)
In the present study, we compared plasma levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNFalpha), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) among selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)- or serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI)-responsive depressed patients (n=31), SSRI- or SNRI-refractory depressed patients (n=20), and(More)
The dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) gene is considered one of the candidate genes contributing to the development of tardive dyskinesia (TD). In the present study, we investigated the genetic association between three functional polymorphisms (Ser311Cys, -141C Ins/Del and TaqI A) in the DRD2 gene and TD (200 patients with schizophrenia: 44 with TD and 156(More)
In the present study, we investigated the serum BDNF levels and plasma IL-6 levels in patients with dysthymic disorder, major depressive disorder and control subjects. Eighteen patients who met the DSM-IV criteria (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) for dysthymic disorder (male/female: 5/13; age: 36 ± 9 year) and 20 patients (male/female: 7/13; age: 38(More)