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In the present study, we compared plasma levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNFalpha), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) among selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)- or serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI)-responsive depressed patients (n=31), SSRI- or SNRI-refractory depressed patients (n=20), and(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important member of the neurotrophin family of growth factors, abundant in the brain and periphery. Researchers have reported that serum BDNF levels in drug-free depressed patients are lower than those of healthy controls, and have proposed that these low levels might reflect a failure of neuronal plasticity in(More)
In the present study, we aimed to investigate the difference in white matter between smokers and nonsmokers. In addition, we examined relationships between white matter integrity and nicotine dependence parameters in smoking subjects. Nineteen male smokers were enrolled in this study. Eighteen age-matched non-smokers with no current or past psychiatric(More)
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is effective for patients with antidepressant medication-resistant depression. However, the mechanisms of ECT's effectiveness for treating depression are not fully understood. We therefore investigated ECT's effects on blood levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), catecholamine metabolites, and nitric oxide (NO)(More)
A combination treatment with a mood stabilizer and an antipsychotic drug is often used in as many as 90% of subjects with acute mania. Recently, augmentation therapy with atypical antipsychotics has been investigated in both the acute and long-term treatment of bipolar disorder with or without psychosis. In the present study, the authors investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the association between serum proBDNF, a precursor of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and response to fluvoxamine in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR): physically healthy and free of current alcohol or(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether statistical analyses of quantitative MR imaging data, including morphological changes, mean diffusivity (MD), and fractional anisotropy (FA), could provide useful biomarkers in early stage of first-episode schizophrenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-three patients, who met all the criteria in the DSM-IV-TR category for(More)
OBJECTIVE It is important to predict a response to an antidepressant in early time after starting the antidepressant. We previously reported that serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in responders to treatment with antidepressants were increased, whereas, those in nonresponders were not. Therefore, we hypothesized that the changes in serum(More)
Depression is a risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). It has been demonstrated that there is a potential role of nitric oxide (NO) in the relationship between depression and CHD risk as well as an effect of antidepressants on NO production. This study included 40 in- or outpatients in our university hospital who met the DSM-IV-TR criteria for major(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the plasma levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and 5-HTT polymorphisms in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). This is the first report, to our knowledge, of an investigation into the association between 5-HTT gene polymorphism, plasma IL-6 levels, and responses to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in Japanese(More)