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Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is effective for patients with antidepressant medication-resistant depression. However, the mechanisms of ECT's effectiveness for treating depression are not fully understood. We therefore investigated ECT's effects on blood levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), catecholamine metabolites, and nitric oxide (NO)(More)
In the present study, we examined the effects of olanzapine on plasma levels of catecholamine metabolites, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, and cytokines (interleukin-2, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha) using 32 olanzapine-treated schizophrenic patients and age and sex-matched 55 healthy individuals. Treatment with olanzapine for 8 weeks(More)
The levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are significantly decreased in patients with schizophrenia and correlate with impairments in cognitive function. However, no study has investigated the relationship between the serum BDNF levels and decision-making. We compared patients with schizophrenia to healthy controls with respect to their(More)
OBJECT We investigated an association between the polymorphism of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene Val66Met and the response to mirtazapine in Japanese patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). We also examined mirtazapine's effects on the serum BDNF and plasma levels of catecholamine metabolites in these patients. METHODS Eighty-four(More)
In the present study, we compared plasma levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNFalpha), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) among selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)- or serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI)-responsive depressed patients (n=31), SSRI- or SNRI-refractory depressed patients (n=20), and(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important member of the neurotrophin family of growth factors, abundant in the brain and periphery. Researchers have reported that serum BDNF levels in drug-free depressed patients are lower than those of healthy controls, and have proposed that these low levels might reflect a failure of neuronal plasticity in(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the relationship between a brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) polymorphism (Val66Met) and the clinical response of patients with major depressive disorder to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs; here, paroxetine and sertraline). In addition, serum BDNF levels in these patients were considered together with the(More)
OBJECTIVE Grapefruit juice contains a number of natural substances that have the capacity to inhibit the activity of human cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4, CYP1A2, and p-glycoprotein. We investigated the effects of grapefruit juice on the pharmacokinetics of sertraline in healthy volunteers. METHODS Eight healthy subjects volunteered for the study after(More)
Only two-thirds of depressive patients respond to antidepressant treatment. Recently, addition of an atypical antipsychotic drug to ongoing treatment with an antidepressant has been considered effective and well-tolerated. In the present study, we examined the effects of various atypical antipsychotic drugs as adjuvant to antidepressants, including(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the association between serum proBDNF, a precursor of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and response to fluvoxamine in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR): physically healthy and free of current alcohol or(More)