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The H-Tx rat is a polygenic inherited model of hydrocephalus. In order to identify disease-specific biomarkers associated with congenital hydrocephalus, comparative proteomic analysis was used to screen cerebellum proteins in H-Tx rats at 1 day after birth. Seven proteins showed significant changes in hydrocephalic H-Tx rats compared with Sprague-Dawley and(More)
Juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (JNCL) is an autosomal recessively inherited lysosomal storage disease involving a mutation in the CLN3 gene. The sequence of CLN3 was determined in 1995; however, the localization of the CLN3 gene product (Cln3p) was not confirmed. In this study, we investigated endogenous Cln3p using two peptide antibodies raised(More)
SBL/RC-RNase was originally isolated from frog (Rana catesbeiana) oocytes and purified as a novel sialic acid-binding lectin (SBL) that displayed strong anti-cancer activity. SBL was later shown to be identical to a ribonuclease (RC-RNase) from oocytes of the same species. The administration of SBL/RC-RNase induced apoptosis (with nuclear condensation and(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION Recent data have shown that ectopic fat accumulation in the liver worsens hepatic glucose metabolism, suggesting that fatty liver in patients with type 2 diabetes is a therapeutic target. Glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 improves fatty liver, but the effect of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor on fatty liver is still unclear. The present pilot(More)
BACKGROUND Airway fibrosis is one of the pathological features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and recent studies revealed that acetylcholine plays an important role in the development of airway remodeling by stimulating proliferation and collagen synthesis of lung fibroblasts. This study was designed to examine the effects of a long-acting(More)
Oxidative stress plays a critical role in ischemia/reperfusion-injury, atherosclerosis, and aging. It causes cell damage that leads to apoptosis via uncertain mechanisms. Because conditioned medium from cardiac myocytes subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation induces extensive apoptosis of cardiac myocytes under normoxia, we hypothesized that a humoral factor(More)
L-asparaginase (L-ASNase) is an important branch of chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and some types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, including natural killer (NK)-cell lymphoma. Although it mediates hydrolysis of asparagine (Asn) and glutamine (Gln), which are variably required for cancer cell survival, the relative contribution of Asn and Gln(More)
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