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Juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (JNCL) is an autosomal recessively inherited lysosomal storage disease involving a mutation in the CLN3 gene. The sequence of CLN3 was determined in 1995; however, the localization of the CLN3 gene product (Cln3p) was not confirmed. In this study, we investigated endogenous Cln3p using two peptide antibodies raised(More)
Cysteinyl residues in proteins were alkylated with acrylamide during sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) to yield a thioether derivative, cys-S-beta-propionamide (PAM cys). The process was termed in situ alkylation with acrylamide. Using this method, the recovery of PAM-cys peptides from bovine serum albumin (BSA) was 88.6%(More)
Inducible nitric oxide synthetase plays an essential role in insulin resistance induced by a high-fat diet. The reaction of nitric oxide with superoxide leads to the formation of peroxynitrite (ONOO-), which can modify several proteins. In this study, we investigated whether peroxynitrite impairs insulin-signalling pathway. Our experiments showed that(More)
Although the latter portion of lysine biosynthesis, the conversion of alpha-aminoadipate (AAA) to lysine, in Thermus thermophilus is similar to the latter portion of arginine biosynthesis, enzymes homologous to ArgA and ArgJ are absent from the lysine pathway. Because ArgA and ArgJ are known to modify the amino group of glutamate to avoid intramolecular(More)
Both anabolism and catabolism of the amino acids released by starvation-induced autophagy are essential for cell survival, but their actual metabolic contributions in adult animals are poorly understood. Herein, we report that, in mice, liver autophagy makes a significant contribution to the maintenance of blood glucose by converting amino acids to glucose(More)
SBL/RC-RNase was originally isolated from frog (Rana catesbeiana) oocytes and purified as a novel sialic acid-binding lectin (SBL) that displayed strong anti-cancer activity. SBL was later shown to be identical to a ribonuclease (RC-RNase) from oocytes of the same species. The administration of SBL/RC-RNase induced apoptosis (with nuclear condensation and(More)
We previously reported that hypoxia followed by reoxygenation (hypoxia/reoxygenation) rapidly activated intracellular signaling such as mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) including extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) 1/2, p38MAPK, and stress-activated protein kinases (SAPKs). To investigate the humoral factors which mediate cardiac(More)
We recently reported that Ascaris suum mitochondria express stage-specific isoforms of complex II: the flavoprotein subunit and the small subunit of cytochrome b (CybS) of the larval complex II differ from those of adult enzyme, while two complex IIs share a common iron-sulfur cluster subunit (Ip). In the present study, A. suum larval complex II was highly(More)
The H-Tx rat is a polygenic inherited model of hydrocephalus. In order to identify disease-specific biomarkers associated with congenital hydrocephalus, comparative proteomic analysis was used to screen cerebellum proteins in H-Tx rats at 1 day after birth. Seven proteins showed significant changes in hydrocephalic H-Tx rats compared with Sprague-Dawley and(More)
Autophagy is a bulk protein degradation system for the entire organelles and cytoplasmic proteins. Previously, we have shown the liver dysfunction by autophagy deficiency. To examine the pathological effect of autophagy deficiency, we examined protein composition and their levels in autophagy-deficient liver by the proteomic analysis. While impaired(More)