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Accuracy in the assessment of performance status by oncologists has not been well evaluated. We investigated possible discrepancies in the assessment of performance status among patients, nurses, and oncologists, and evaluated the prognostic importance of each assessment. Two hundred and six inpatients with inoperable, advanced non-small cell lung cancer(More)
We reviewed biochemical data from 19 soldiers who marched intermittently over 4 weeks, carrying about 45 kg of kit, with a limited intake of food and water. The mean serum creatine kinase activity was higher after the march (p < 0.01), although the subjects did not develop symptomatic rhabdomyolysis. The mean serum potassium level (p < 0.005) and the mean(More)
This study was performed to determine whether pleural effusion in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has a negative impact on survival. We evaluated 12 prognostic factors in 197 patients with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC. Each factor was dichotomized, and survival curves calculated by the Kaplan-Meier technique were compared using the(More)
Circadian fluctuation has been reported to exist to the effects of haloperidol after acute administration. In an attempt to clarify the viability of chronotherapy with haloperidol, the antiapomorphine effect of haloperidol after chronic administration was investigated in the present paper. Haloperidol was administered once daily at the same time for 21(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE We evaluated the interbronchoscopist variability in the diagnosis of lung cancer by flexible bronchoscopy. DESIGN AND SETTING A retrospective review of the bronchoscopic records and clinical charts of patients at a university-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS All records of flexible bronchoscopic procedures performed for the(More)
Carboplatin clearance depends on the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and Calvert's formula is frequently used to achieve a target area under the time vs concentration curve (mg ml(-1) min). Creatinine clearance is a substitute for GFR when creatinine values are determined by the Jaffé method, which is being replaced by the enzymatic method. When the(More)
Creatinine clearance (Ccr) is widely used as a practical substitute for glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in the Calvert formula: carboplatin dose (mg) = target area under the concentration versus time curve (AUC, mg ml(-1) min) x [GFR (ml min(-1)) + 25]. However, it causes systematic overdosing when the creatinine levels are measured by an enzymatic(More)
Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) is a drug commonly used in endocrine therapy for advanced or recurrent breast cancer and endometrial cancer. The drug is extensively metabolized in the intestinal mucosa and in the liver. Cytochrome P450s (CYPs) involved in the metabolism of MPA were identified by using human liver microsomes and recombinant human CYPs. In(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the efficacy of aprepitant plus granisetron and an increased dose of dexamethasone in selected patients undergoing moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC). METHODS Nondrinking women <70 years undergoing MEC were randomly assigned to aprepitant (day 1, 125 mg; days 2 and 3, 80 mg) or placebo. Dexamethasone on days 1-3 was 12, 4,(More)
To analyze the pharmacological characteristics of etoposide in elderly patients, we conducted a Phase I trial of a 14-day administration of oral etoposide on 12 chemotherapy-naive patients, ages 75 years or older, with lung cancer. The pharmacological profiles of etoposide in elderly patients were compared with those of younger patients in our previous(More)