Hieronymus A. M. Voorbij

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Paraoxonase is an enzyme associated with the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particle. It catalyses the hydrolysis of organophosphates and protects LDL from oxidative modification in vitro by hydrolyzing lipid peroxides, suggestive of a role for paraoxonase in the development of atherosclerosis. Two frequent mutations at the paraoxonase gene locus (PON1)(More)
BACKGROUND Altered maternal inflammatory responses play a role in the development of preeclampsia and the hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome. We examined whether allelic variants of the innate immune receptors Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 2 (NOD2), that impair the inflammatory(More)
Human serum paraoxonase (PON) is a high density lipoprotein (HDL) associated enzyme capable of hydrolyzing lipid peroxides in vitro. PON has recently attracted attention as a protective factor against oxidative modification of LDL and may therefore play an important role in the prevention of the atherosclerotic process. Two frequent mutations at the(More)
Increased very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) in nephrotic patients results from a decreased catabolism while increased low density lipoprotein (LDL) results from increased synthesis. Hyperlipidemia is a hallmark of nephrotic syndrome that has been associated with increased risk for ischemic heart disease as well as a loss of renal function in these(More)
OBJECTIVE Women with a history of preeclampsia or intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) have an increased risk for cardiovascular disease in later life. We determined the presence of traditional and novel risk factors for cardiovascular disease in these women. METHODS We studied 256 women with a history of preeclampsia and 59 women with a history of(More)
BACKGROUND alpha 2 Macroglobulin (alpha 2M), a protease inhibitor, is often increased in plasma of patients with the nephrotic syndrome. Although it has been speculated that synthesis is increased, no direct measurements have been performed. METHODS alpha 2M synthesis in both normal subjects (N = 4) and nephrotic patients (N = 7) were measured using(More)
Hyperfibrinogenemia is a common feature of the nephrotic syndrome, and contributes to increased tendency for thrombosis and atherosclerosis. Its genesis is not certain, but the increase in liver fibrinogen mRNA in nephrotic rats indicates increased synthesis. Data in humans are scarce. We presently compared synthesis rates of fibrinogen and albumin in(More)
HDL-associated paraoxonase type 1 (PON1) can protect LDL and HDL against oxidative modification in vitro and therefore may protect against cardiovascular disease. We investigated the effects of PON1 levels, activity, and genetic variation on high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels, circulating oxidized LDL (OxLDL), subclinical inflammation(More)
The lecithin/sphingomyelin (L/S) ratio and the lamellar body count (LBC) can be used to predict respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). We performed a retrospective cohort study among consecutive women who underwent amniotic fluid sampling for the assessment of fetal lung maturity. Logistic regression was used to construct models for the prediction of RDS in(More)
There is strong evidence from both animal- and in vitro-models that paraoxonase (PON1) is involved in the onset of cardiovascular disease. In humans there is no consensus on this issue and therefore we investigated the effect of PON1 genotype and activity on the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in a large(More)