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A transcription factor, Cbfa1, which belongs to the runt-domain gene family, is expressed restrictively in fetal development. To elucidate the function of Cbfa1, we generated mice with a mutated Cbfa1 locus. Mice with a homozygous mutation in Cbfa1 died just after birth without breathing. Examination of their skeletal systems showed a complete lack of(More)
Memory, learning and behavior of senescence accelerated mouse (SAM-P/8) were investigated by using passive avoidance response, T-maze and open field and the findings were compared with those from senescence resistant mouse (SAM-R/1 control). SAM-P/8 mice showed a remarkable age-related deterioration in ability of memory and learning in passive avoidance(More)
The behavior of the senescence-accelerated mouse (SAM-P/8) at the age of 1, 2, 4 and 10-11 months in Sidman active avoidance learning was analyzed, and compared to findings in the controls (SAM-R/1). At the age of 1 and 2 months, learning was comparable in these two strains. At the age of 4 and 10-11 months, SAM-P/8 but not SAM-R/1 learned active avoidance.(More)
A spontaneous spongy degeneration of the brain stem and spinal cord was discovered in a murine model of accelerated senescence (SAM), cared for under both conventional (SAM-P/8) and specific pathogen-free (SAM-P/8/Ta) conditions. SAM-P/8 and SAM-P/8/Ta showed no clinical neurological abnormalities, yet there was a deterioration in learning and memory(More)
We have identified a novel mouse gene named pancortin that is expressed dominantly in the mature cerebral cortex. This gene produces four different species of proteins, Pancortin-1-4, sharing a common region in the middle of their structure with two variations at the N-terminal (A1 or A2 part) and C-terminal (C1 or C2 part) sides, respectively. In the(More)
The senescence-accelerated mouse (SAMP8) is a model of age-related deterioration of memory and learning ability. A semipurified diet supplemented either with safflower oil (rich in linoleate) or with perilla oil (rich in alpha-linolenate) was fed to SAMP8 mouse dams and their pups. The offspring (males from several mothers) at 28 weeks of age were used for(More)
This study examined age-dependent deficits in the learning and memory of fear conditioning, using a newly developed senescence-accelerated mouse (SAMP8) model of age-related brain dysfunction and its genetically related inbred strain (SAMR1). The mice were classically conditioned to tone by giving aversive foot shocks in a distinct experimental box(More)
The effects of acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF), basic FGF (bFGF), and related peptides, such as aFGF fragments, on food and water intake were investigated. Infusion of aFGF and bFGF into the third cerebral ventricle significantly suppressed food intake. The potency of aFGF was 1.5 that of bFGF in food intake inhibition. Both FGFs also suppressed(More)
In a series of inbred Senescence-Accelerated mice (SAM) strains, accelerated-senescence prone SAMP substrains show early onset and rapid advancement of senescence. SAMP8 and SAMP10, in particular, exhibit a significant age-related deterioration in memory and learning for passive and active avoidance tasks with, respectively, a low and high incidence of(More)
The present study was designed to examine the effects of intracerebroventricular injection of His-D-Trp-Ala-Trp-D-Phe-Lys-NH2 (GHRP) on GH secretion in freely moving conscious male rats and to determine whether the central action of GHRP is mediated by increased GHRH and/or somatostatin (SRIF) release. A significant and dose-related suppression of natural(More)