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PURPOSE Our previous results for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma with proton beam therapy (PBT) revealed excellent local control. In this study, we focused on the impact of PBT on normal liver function. METHODS AND MATERIALS The subjects were 259 patients treated with PBT at the University of Tsukuba between January 2001 and December 2007. We(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of postoperative hyperfractionated concomitant boost proton radiotherapy with nimustine hydrochloride for supratentorial glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). METHODS AND MATERIALS Twenty patients with histologically confirmed supratentorial GBM met the following criteria: (1) a Karnofsky performance status of >or=60;(More)
We report the case of a 17-year-old patient who received four courses of proton beam therapy for inoperable recurrent high-grade bronchial mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the chest wall and lymph nodes. The equivalent doses in conventional fractionation of 79.2-80.6 Gy were applied to the tumor from the first to third courses of proton beam therapy; the(More)
PURPOSE Several investigations have revealed that the alpha/beta ratio for prostate cancer is atypically low, and that hypofractionation or high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy regimens using appropriate radiation doses may be expected to yield tumor control and late sequelae rates that are better or at least as favorable as those achieved with conventional(More)
INTRODUCTION This study was conducted to determine disease control rates and prognostic factors associated with recurrence of centrally and peripherally located stage I NSCLC treated using high-dose PBT. PATIENTS AND METHODS Seventy-four patients with 80 centrally or peripherally located stage I NSCLCs were treated with PBT. A protocol using 72.6 Gy (RBE)(More)
BACKGROUND Although proton radiotherapy is a promising new approach for cancer patients, functional interference is a concern for patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). The purpose of this study was to clarify the influence of secondary neutrons induced by proton radiotherapy on ICDs. METHODS The experimental set-up simulated proton(More)
PURPOSE Radiation therapy for cancer may be required for patients with implantable cardiac devices. However, the influence of secondary neutrons or scattered irradiation from high-energy photons (≥10 MV) on implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) is unclear. This study was performed to examine this issue in 2 ICD models. METHODS AND MATERIALS ICDs(More)
Survivin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis family, and is expressed in various malignant tumors. Survivin overexpression has been reported to be a poorer prognostic factor in various malignancies. However, the prognostic value of survivin expression in patients with glioblastoma is still controversial. Therefore, in this study the role of survivin(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the study is to develop high-dose-rate (HDR) conformal interstitial brachytherapy by means of combined CT-fluoroscopy guidance with CT-based treatment planning for locally recurrent rectal carcinoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS Brachytherapy needle insertion was guided with a helical CT scanner providing continuous fluoroscopy reconstruction.(More)
BACKGROUND The authors have published a series of studies evaluating the safety and efficacy of proton beam therapy for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma in a variety of clinical settings. In the current study, they retrospectively reviewed their entire experience treating hepatocellular carcinoma patients with proton beam therapy at their(More)