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BACKGROUND AND AIM Advanced glycation end products (AGE), senescent macroprotein derivatives formed at an accelerated rate in diabetes, play important roles in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular complications. Recently, AGE have also been found to be involved in insulin resistance. Although non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is generally considered a(More)
Microvascular permeability is mediated by (i) the caveolar transcytosis of molecules across endothelial cells and (ii) the paracellular movement of ions and nutrients. Recently, we derived Cav-1 (-/-) knock-out mice using standard homologous recombination techniques. These mice are viable but show a loss of endothelial cell caveolae and striking defects in(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are a heterogeneous group of molecules, formed in vivo both by non-oxidative and oxidative reactions of sugars and their adducts to proteins and lipids. It is now well established that formation and accumulation of AGEs progress during normal aging, and at an extremely accelerated rate under diabetes, thus being(More)
BACKGROUND In a genome-wide association scan, the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs738409 in the patatin-like phospholipase 3 gene (PNPLA3) was strongly associated with increased liver fat content. We investigated whether this SNP is associated with the occurrence and progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the Japanese population.(More)
We examined the genetic background of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the Japanese population, by performing a genome-wide association study (GWAS). For GWAS, 392 Japanese NAFLD subjects and 934 control individuals were analyzed. For replication studies, 172 NAFLD and 1,012 control subjects were monitored. After quality control, 261,540(More)
Bile acids have been suggested to be involved in biliary carcinogenesis, although the underlying mechanisms are yet to be established. The aim of this study was to investigate the carcinogenic effect of bile acids in the biliary tract in relation to oxidative stress. Immortalized mouse cholangiocytes were incubated with various bile acids, followed by(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs), final reaction products of protein with sugars, are known to contribute to various disorders, including diabetes, aspects of aging, and neurodegenerative diseases. Recently, we reported elevated levels of serum AGEs in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH); further, we found that AGEs induced the(More)
In Japan, the prevalence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with nonviral liver disease, especially with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD-HCC) and alcoholic liver disease (ALD-HCC), has been increasing. Clarification of the clinical features of NAFLD-HCC and ALD-HCC is needed. We performed a large retrospective multicenter survey to clarify(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced glycation end products (AGEs), final reaction products of protein with sugars, are known to contribute to diabetes-related complications. We have recently demonstrated high levels of serum AGEs in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). However, direct evidence for the participation of AGEs in hepatic inflammation and fibrosis(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Noninvasive methods have been evaluated for the assessment of liver fibrosis and steatosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We compared the ability of transient elastography (TE) with the M-probe, and magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) to assess liver fibrosis. Findings from magnetic resonance imaging(More)