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We examined the genetic background of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the Japanese population, by performing a genome-wide association study (GWAS). For GWAS, 392 Japanese NAFLD subjects and 934 control individuals were analyzed. For replication studies, 172 NAFLD and 1,012 control subjects were monitored. After quality control, 261,540(More)
BACKGROUND In a genome-wide association scan, the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs738409 in the patatin-like phospholipase 3 gene (PNPLA3) was strongly associated with increased liver fat content. We investigated whether this SNP is associated with the occurrence and progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the Japanese population.(More)
Cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase, a rate-limiting enzyme for bile acid synthesis, has been implicated in genetic susceptibility to atherosclerosis. The gene, CYP7A1, encoding a protein with this activity, is expressed normally only in hepatocytes and is highly regulated. Our cyp7A1 gene knockout mouse colony, as young adults on a chow diet, is(More)
Research in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), including nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), has been limited by the availability of suitable models for this disease. A number of rodent models have been described in which the relevant liver pathology develops in an appropriate metabolic context. These models are promising tools for researchers(More)
Phosphatidylcholine transfer protein (PC-TP) is a cytosolic lipid transfer protein that is highly expressed in liver and catalyzes intermembrane transfer of phosphatidylcholines in vitro. To explore a role for PC-TP in the hepatocellular trafficking of biliary phosphatidylcholines, we characterized biliary lipid secretion using Pctp(-/-) and wild-type(More)
Bach1 is a transcriptional repressor of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1, a.k.a. HSP-32), which is an inducible enzyme and has anti-oxidation/anti-inflammatory properties shown in various models of organ injuries. Since oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), HO-1 induction would be expected to prevent the(More)
BACKGROUND A reliable and inexpensive noninvasive marker of hepatic fibrosis is required in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). FIB4 index (based on age, aspartate aminotransferase [AST] and alanine aminotransferase [ALT] levels, and platelet counts) is expected to be useful for evaluating hepatic fibrosis. We validated the performance(More)
We examined in vivo a role for sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP-2) in the regulation of lipid secretion across the hepatic sinusoidal and canalicular membranes. Recombinant adenovirus Ad.rSCP2 was used to overexpress SCP-2 in livers of mice. We determined plasma, hepatic, and biliary lipid concentrations; hepatic fatty acid (FA) and cholesterol synthesis;(More)
UNLABELLED Patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) often have metabolic disorders including insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We clarified the predictive factors in glucose metabolism for progression of hepatic fibrosis in patients with NAFLD by the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION We reinvestigated the clinical usefulness of the modified NAFIC scoring system, modified by changing the weightage assigned to the fasting serum insulin level based on the importance of hyperinsulinemia in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), in Japanese patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) who had(More)