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To clarify the mechanisms that regulate neuroendocrine differentiation of fetal lung epithelia, we have studied the expression of the mammalian homologs of achaete-scute complex (Mash1) (Ascl1 - Mouse Genome Informatics); hairy and enhancer of split1 (Hes1); and the expression of Notch/Notch-ligand system in the fetal and adult mouse lungs, and in the lungs(More)
We report 4 cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in the totally locked-in state (TLS); 2 of the cases were autopsied. The clinical and pathological findings of ALS reported previously were essentially included in those studied here. In all cases reported in this paper, the voluntary muscles, including the oculomotor muscles, deteriorated rapidly,(More)
Arabidopsis thaliana was transformed with the codA gene for choline oxidase from Arthrobacter globiformis under control of the 35S RNA promoter of cauliflower mosaic virus. As a result, high levels of glycinebetaine accumulated in the seeds of transformed plants. Transformation with the codA gene significantly enhanced the tolerance to high temperatures(More)
BACKGROUND Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major causes of community-acquired and hospital-acquired infections. It produces numerous toxins including superantigens that cause unique disease entities such as toxic-shock syndrome and staphylococcal scarlet fever, and has acquired resistance to practically all antibiotics. Whole genome analysis is a(More)
Zone-to-zone projection of olfactory and vomeronasal sensory axons underlies the topographic and functional mapping of chemoreceptor expression zones of the sensory epithelia onto zonally arranged glomeruli in the main and accessory olfactory bulbs. Here we identified OCAM (R4B12 antigen), an axonal surface glycoprotein expressed by subsets of both(More)
Glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) signals through a multicomponent receptor complex consisting of RET receptor tyrosine kinase and a member of GDNF family receptor alpha (GFRalpha). Recently, it was shown that tyrosine 1062 in RET represents a binding site for SHC adaptor proteins and is crucial for both RAS/mitogen activated protein kinase(More)
The wobble uridine in yeast cytosolic tRNA(Lys2)(UUU) and tRNA(Glu3)(UUC) undergoes a thio-modification at the second position (s(2) modification) and a methoxycarbonylmethyl modification at the fifth position (mcm(5) modification). We previously demonstrated that the cytosolic and mitochondrial iron-sulfur (Fe/S) cluster assembly machineries termed CIA and(More)
Based on structural comparison with other biogenic amine receptors and the histamine H2 receptor, it has been suggested that in the human histamine H1 receptor, Asp107, Thr194, and Asn198 are the residues involved in binding of histamine. We therefore used site-directed mutagenesis to investigate the roles of these three amino acid residues. Asp107 was(More)
Mitf encodes a basic helix-loop-helix-leucine-zipper (bHLHzip) protein that is known to function in the development of melanocytes, pigmented epithelial cells (PECs), osteoclasts, and mast cells. In this paper, we report on the isolation, expression, and overexpression of the chicken Mitf and discuss the role of its protein product in the differentiation(More)
Active oxygen species or free radicals are considered to cause extensive oxidative damage to biological macromolecules, which brings about a variety of diseases as well as aging. The ideal scavenger for active oxygen should be 'active hydrogen'. 'Active hydrogen' can be produced in reduced water near the cathode during electrolysis of water. Reduced water(More)